South Africa Has World's Highest Number With AIDS: UN Report
November 26, 2007
UNAIDS' 2007 annual report shows sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the worst-affected region. "South Africa is the country with the largest number of HIV infections in the world," the report said. Though UNAIDS did not provide a figure, the government estimates that some 5.5 million of South Africa's 48 million people are infected with the virus.
Africa's sub-Saharan region continues to bear the global burden of HIV/AIDS, the report found. "More than two out of three (68 percent) adults and nearly 90 percent of children infected with HIV live in this region, and more than three in four (76 percent) AIDS deaths in 2007 occurred there, illustrating the unmet need for antiretroviral treatment in Africa," it said.
Improved monitoring led UNAIDS to revise its estimates, especially in Southern Africa and Asia. According to the agency, eight Southern African countries have a national adult HIV prevalence above 15 percent. "While there is evidence of a significant decline in the national HIV prevalence in Zimbabwe, the epidemics in most of the rest of the subregion have either reached or are approaching a plateau," the report said.
However, in many parts of Africa the epidemic is either stabilizing or starting to decline. Slowing HIV prevalence was most evident in Kenya and Zimbabwe, with similar shifts detected in Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, and Mali.
Agence France Presse
This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.