Hospitalizations Among HIV-Positive Infants, Young Children in U.S. Decreasing Because of HAART, Study Says
August 31, 2007
Hospitalizations among HIV-positive infants and children younger than age five are decreasing because of the introduction and widespread use of highly active antiretroviral therapy, according to a study published in the August issue of Pediatrics, Reuters Health reports. Athena Kourtis of CDC and colleagues used the National Inpatient Sample database to examine trends in hospital visits among HIV-positive children and adolescents during the 10 years between 1994, before HAART was introduced, and 2003, after HAART was in widespread use. The researchers found that there were an estimated 3,420 hospitalizations among HIV-positive children ages 18 or younger in 2003, compared with 11,785 in 1994 -- a decrease of 71%.
The researchers wrote that they hope the study's findings will be used to examine the health needs of specific HIV-positive populations, including adolescents, as well as specific HIV-associated complications. They said that they also hope the study will help "define future policies in an era of competing health care priorities" (Reuters Health, 8/29).
The study is available online.
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This article was provided by Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. It is a part of the publication Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report. Visit the Kaiser Family Foundation's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.