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HIV/AIDS and African Americans

August 20, 2013

Although African Americans are only 13% of the U.S. population, they account for 44% of HIV infection cases in 2010.


At a Glance -- HIV Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated Number of Diagnosed Cases and Rates (per 100,000) of HIV Infection, 2011

  # Cases Rate African American/
White Ratio
African American males 16,447 112.8 7.8
White males 12,041 14.5  
 
African American females 6,595 40.0 20.0
White females 1,776 2.0  
 
African American (both sexes) 23,168 60.4 8.6
White (both sexes) 13,846 7.0  

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 3a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- HIV Infection Cases and Rates (Children <13 Years)

Estimated Number of Diagnosed Cases and Rates (per 100,000) of HIV Infection, 2011

  # Cases Rate
African American 125 1.7
White 29 0.1
Total Population 192 0.4

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 5a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- HIV Infection Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated Number of Cases of HIV Infection by Year of Diagnosis, 2011

  #Cases % of Total Cases
African American 23,168 47%
White 13,846 28%
Total Population 49,273  

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 1a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

Estimated Number of Persons Living With HIV Infection by Year, 2010

  #Cases % of Total Cases
African American 383,353 44%
White 295,463 34%
Total Population 872,990  

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 15a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- HIV Infection Cases by Transmission (Adults)

Estimated Number of Male Adults or Adolescents (>13 Years) Living With HIV infection Year-End 2010, by Transmission Category

Transmission # of African American
Cases
% of African American Cases # of White Cases % of White Cases
Male-to-male sexual contact 134,746 55% 205,195 81%
Injection drug use 45,764 19% 16,444 6%
Heterosexual contact 46,749 19% 9,299 4%
Male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use 16,807 7% 21,689 9%
Other 834 0.3% 1,729 0.7%
Estimated Total 247,227   254,874  

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

Estimated Number of Female Adults or Adolescents (>13 Years) Living With HIV Infection Year-End 2010 by Transmission Category

Transmission # of African American Cases % of African American Cases # of White Cases % of White Cases
Heterosexual contact 100,625 75% 25,762 64%
Injection drug use 30,042 22% 13,382 33%
Other 906 0.7% 586 1%
Estimated Total

134,171

 

40,270

 

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- AIDS Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated Number of Cases and Rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

  # Cases Rate African American/
White Ratio
African American males 10,635 72.9 8.5
White males 7,101 8.6  
 
African American females 5,311 32.2 23.0
White females 1,202 1.4  
 
African American (both sexes) 15,958 41.6 9.9
White (both sexes) 8,304 4.2  

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 4a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- AIDS Cases and Rates (Children <13 Years)

Estimated Number of Diagnosed Cases and Rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

  Commulative # Cases # Cases Rate
African American 5,761 12 0.2
White 1,596 1 0.0
Total Population 9,521 15 0.0

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 6a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- AIDS Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated Number of Cases of AIDS by Year of Diagnosis, 2011

  Cumulative # Cases # Cases % of Total Cases
African American 486,282 15,958 50%
White 435,613 8,304 26%
Total Population 1,155,792 32,052  

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 2a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- Death Rate

HIV Death Rates per 100,000 Population (2010)

  African Americans Non-Hispanic White African American/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
All ages, Men 16.5 2.3 7.2
All ages, Women 7.5 0.5 15.0
 
Age 25-44, Men 17.1 2.5 6.8
Age 25-44, Women 10.3 0.7 14.7
 
Age 45-64, Men 39.8 5.6 7.1
Age 45-64, Women 16.3 1.0 16.3

Source: CDC 2013. Health, United States 2012. Table 31.
www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/2012/031.pdf [PDF | 99.69KB]


At a Glance -- AIDS Deaths

Estimated Number of Deaths, and Death Rates, of Persons With AIDS by Year of Death, 2010

  Rate Cumulative # Deaths # Deaths % of Total Cases
African Americans 20.2 260,821 7,678 49%
White 2.4 265,052 4,668 30%
Total Population 5.0 636,048 15,529  

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 12a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- HIV Testing

Age-Adjusted Percent of HIV Testing Status Among Persons 18 Years of Age and Over, 2011

  Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Ever tested 53.4 33.6 1.6
Never tested 46.6 66.4 0.7

Source: CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 41.
www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF | 3.12MB]




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