Number of Reported HIV/AIDS Cases in Shanghai Increases by 70%, Municipal Health Bureau Says; HIV/AIDS Discrimination in China Continues
November 30, 2006
The number of reported HIV/AIDS cases in Shanghai, China, in the first 11 months of 2006 increased by 74% compared with the same period in 2005, the city's Municipal Public Health Bureau said on Wednesday, Xinhuanet reports (Xinhuanet , 11/29). According to a city Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention official, as of Nov. 20, 621 new HIV/AIDS cases in 2006 have been reported in China's largest city. There are 2,216 HIV-positive people in Shanghai, 97 of whom have died from AIDS-related illnesses, the official said (Kurtenbach, AP/International Herald Tribune, 11/28). According to the health bureau, most of the new HIV/AIDS cases are among people ages 25 to 44, and more than 80% of them are among men. In addition, 499 of the new cases are among migrants from 23 mainland provinces and municipalities, as well as Taiwan, Xinhuanet reports (Xinhuanet , 11/29). Most of the new cases were caused by injection drug use, and unprotected sex was the main transmission route for long-term Shanghai residents, the AP/Herald Tribune reports. According to Cai Wei, director of the health bureau, "AIDS is on the rise in Shanghai due to lack of knowledge about disease prevention and the rising migrant population." The city's public health bureau plans to increase the number of methadone treatment clinics from five to eight to help prevent HIV transmissions through dirty needles, according to the AP/Herald Tribune (AP/International Herald Tribune, 11/28). In related news, South China's Guangdong province reported an 8.4% increase in the number of new HIV cases and a 54.8% increase in the number of new AIDS cases in the first 10 months of 2006 compared with the same period last year, Xinhuanet reports. As of Oct. 31, the province had recorded 17,855 HIV-positive people, but experts estimate that the number could be as high as 40,000 (Xinhuanet , 11/29).
Reprinted with permission from kaisernetwork.org. You can view the entire Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report, search the archives, or sign up for email delivery at www.kaisernetwork.org/dailyreports/hiv. The Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report is published for kaisernetwork.org, a free service of the Kaiser Family Foundation, by The Advisory Board Company. © 2006 by The Advisory Board Company and Kaiser Family Foundation. All rights reserved.
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