Print this page    •   Back to Web version of article

International News
Former Fighters in D.R.C.'s Civil War Face High HIV Prevalence, Receive HIV Services With Reintegration Programs

November 16, 2006

Former combatants in the civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are "coming to terms with the unseen danger of HIV" as they reintegrate into society, IRIN News/ reports. More than 10 years of fighting among rebels, Congolese militia and the national army is believed to have fueled the spread of the virus in eastern D.R.C. and undermined health services, according to IRIN News/ Roughly 180,000 former fighters are expected to enter disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programs that include HIV/AIDS education, but there are "fears that the short instruction period will be of small benefit" and HIV cases will increase as combatants return to rural areas, IRIN News/ reports. At the Kabare reorientation center in South Kivu Province -- which is operated by the National Commission for Disarmament, Demobilization and Reinsertion -- HIV programs aim to raise awareness and educate former fighters about how the virus is transmitted, as well as why former combatants are particularly vulnerable to transmission. Brigitte Bampile, head of voluntary counseling and testing at the Kabare center, said that the main aim of the center is to help the former fighters know their HIV status and that the center's second priority is to change their sexual behavior. Statistics from the center indicate that 5% of former fighters who take HIV tests have the virus, but some have disputed the figure, IRIN News/ reports. "Look at the neighboring countries," Rebecca Adlington, medical supervisor for Medecins Sans Frontieres, said, adding that HIV prevalence in the Tanzanian and Ugandan armed forces is about 15% and 10%, respectively. "Since there is no intervention on prevention, care and treatment (in the Congolese militias), the true figure is likely to be higher than 5%," she said. According to Bampile, HIV tests among former combatants are voluntary, and mandatory HIV testing likely will not be implemented (IRIN News/, 11/14).

Back to other news for November 16, 2006

Reprinted with permission from You can view the entire Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report, search the archives, or sign up for email delivery at The Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report is published for, a free service of the Kaiser Family Foundation, by The Advisory Board Company. © 2006 by The Advisory Board Company and Kaiser Family Foundation. All rights reserved.

This article was provided by Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. It is a part of the publication Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report. You can find this article online by typing this address into your Web browser:

General Disclaimer: is designed for educational purposes only and is not engaged in rendering medical advice or professional services. The information provided through should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or a disease. It is not a substitute for professional care. If you have or suspect you may have a health problem, consult your health care provider.