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An Overview of Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG-Intron)

April 30, 2015

Other Name(s): pegIFN alfa-2b, PEG-interferon alfa 2b, PegIntron, pegylated-interferon alfa 2b
Drug Class: Opportunistic Infections and Coinfections

Chemical Image

Peginterferon Alfa-2b chemical image

Peginterferon Alfa-2b
Molecular Weight: 118.1112

What Is Peginterferon Alfa-2b?

Peginterferon alfa-2b is an antiviral prescription medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. HCV is an opportunistic infection. An opportunistic infection is an infection that occurs more frequently or is more severe in people with weakened immune systems -- such as those infected with HIV -- than in people with healthy immune systems.

The Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents, prepared by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA-HIVMA), includes recommendations on the HIV-related use of peginterferon alfa-2b to treat chronic HCV infection.

In addition to recommendations for the medicine's use in treating chronic HCV infection, the guidelines include recommendations on the "off-label" use of peginterferon alfa-2b to treat acute HCV infection in HIV-infected individuals. "Off-label" use refers to use of an FDA-approved medicine in a manner different from that described on the medicine label. Good medical practice and the best interests of a patient sometimes require that a medicine be used "off-label."

The above may not include all of the HIV-related uses of peginterferon alfa-2b recommended in the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents. Some recommended uses, such as uses in certain rare circumstances, may have been omitted.


What Should I Tell My Health Care Provider Before Taking Peginterferon Alfa-2b?

Before taking peginterferon alfa-2b, tell your health care provider:

  • If you are allergic to peginterferon alfa-2b or any other medicines.
  • About any medical conditions you have or have had, for example, diabetes or liver problems.
  • About anything that could affect your ability to take medicines, such as missing a scheduled dose or any health conditions that may prevent your use of intravenous medicines.
  • If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Peginterferon alfa-2b is often used with another medicine called ribarin. Peginterferon alfa-2b in combination with ribavirin may cause birth defects or the death of an unborn baby. Pregnant women and men whose partners are pregnant should not use peginterferon alfa-2b in combination with ribavirin. Talk to your health care provider about possible risks with taking peginterferon alfa-2b when pregnant.
  • If you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Do not breastfeed if you are infected with HIV.
  • About other prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Peginterferon alfa-2b may affect the way other medicines or products work, and other medicines or products may affect how peginterferon alfa-2b works. Ask your health care provider if there are interactions between peginterferon alfa-2b and the other medicines you take.

Ask your health care provider about possible side effects from peginterferon alfa-2b. Your health care provider will tell you what to do if you have side effects.

How Should I Take Peginterferon Alfa-2b?

Take peginterferon alfa-2b according to your health care provider's instructions. Your health care provider will tell you how much peginterferon alfa-2b to take and when to take it. Before you start peginterferon alfa-2b and each time you get a refill, read any printed information that comes with your medicine.

How Should Peginterferon Alfa-2b Be Stored?

  • Before mixing, store peginterferon alfa-2b REDIPEN (a single-use prefilled pen) in the refrigerator, between 36°F and 46°F (2°C to 8°C).
  • Before mixing, store peginterferon alfa-2b vials of powder for solution at room temperature, between 59°F and 86°F (15°C to 30°C).
  • After mixing, use peginterferon alfa-2b right away or store it in the refrigerator for up to 24 hours, between 36°F and 46°F (2°C to 8°C).
  • Keep peginterferon alfa-2b away from heat.
  • Do not freeze peginterferon alfa-2b.
  • Do not use peginterferon alfa-2b if the original seal on the container is broken or missing.
  • Throw away peginterferon alfa-2b that is no longer needed or expired (out of date). Follow FDA guidelines on how to safely dispose of unused medicine.
  • Keep peginterferon alfa-2b and all medicines out of reach of children.

Where Can I Find More Information About Peginterferon Alfa-2b?

More information about peginterferon alfa-2b is available:

The above Patient Version drug summary is based on the following FDA label(s): Injection (powder, lyophilized, for solution), kit.

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This article was provided by AIDSinfo. Visit the AIDSinfo website to find out more about their activities and publications.

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