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AIDS/HIV in the United States

PROFILE OF THE EPIDEMIC

April 23, 1997

A note from TheBody.com: Since this article was written, the HIV pandemic has changed, as has our understanding of HIV/AIDS and its treatment. As a result, parts of this article may be outdated. Please keep this in mind, and be sure to visit other parts of our site for more recent information!

The following data represent the cumulative totals of reported AIDS cases in the United States. Included are the total number of reported AIDS cases, and the number of reported AIDS cases by demographic category in the U.S.

Total Reported AIDS Cases

In the U.S., the cumulative number of reported AIDS cases from the beginning of the epidemic in 1981 through December 1996 is 581,429.

69,151 cases have been reported in the U.S. over the previous year.

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362,004 deaths from reported AIDS cases have occurred since the beginning of the epidemic. During January-June 1996, the number of AIDS deaths was 13% lower than during January-June 1995, the first time such a significant decrease in AIDS death rates has occurred.

Reported AIDS Cases By Race/Ethnicity

In the United States, the cumulative total number of reported AIDS cases among the following populations is:

WHITE, NOT HISPANIC: 268,856 cases (46.2% of the total case count)

Men: 247,461
(50.7% of male adult/adolescent cases)

Women: 20,026
(23.4% of female adult/adolescent cases)

Pediatric: 1,369
(18% of pediatric cases)

AFRICAN-AMERICAN: 203,189 cases (35% of the total case count)

Men: 151,413
(31% of male adult/adolescent cases)

Women: 47,367
(55.4% of female adult/adolescent cases)

Pediatric: 4,409
(57.8% of pediatric cases)

HISPANIC/LATINO: 103,023 cases (17.7% of the total case count)

Men: 83,923
(17.2% of male adult/adolescent cases)

Women: 17,330
(20.3% of female adult/adolescent cases)

Pediatric: 1,770
(23.2% of pediatric cases)

ASIAN/PACIFIC ISLANDER: 4,131 (.7% of the total case count)

Men: 3,643
(.8% of male adult/adolescent cases)

Women: 447
(.5% of female adult/adolescent cases)

Pediatric: 41
(.5% of pediatric cases)

AMERICAN INDIAN/ALASKAN NATIVE: 1569 (.3% of the total case count)

Men: 1,300
(.3% of male adult/adolescent cases)

Women: 244
(.3% of female adult/adolescent cases)

Pediatric: 25
(.3% of pediatric cases)


Reported AIDS Cases By Gender

In the U.S., the cumulative total number of reported AIDS cases among adult/adolescent women is 85,500, (14.7 % of the total case count.)

The cumulative total number of reported AIDS cases among adult/adolescent men is 448,300, (84. % of the total case count).

Reported AIDS Cases By Age

In the U.S., the cumulative total number of reported AIDS cases among the following age groups is:

Pediatric (0-12): 7,629
(1.3 % of the total case count.)
Male: 3,921 (51.4% of the pediatric case count)
Female: 3,708 (48.6% of the pediatric case count)

Adolescent and Young Adults (13-19): 2,754
(.5% of the total case count)
Male: 1,744 (63.3% of the adolescent young adult case count)
Female: 1010 (36.7% of the adolescent young adult case count)

Adults (>20): 571,046
(98.2% of the total case count)
Male: 486,556 (85.2% of the adult case count)
Female: 84,490 (14.8% of the adult case count

Reported AIDS Cases by Exposure Category
In the U.S., the cumulative total of reported AIDS cases by exposure category is:

Men who have sex with men:  287,576
(49.5% of the total case count)

Injecting drug use:  146,359
(25.2% of the total case count)

Men who have sex with men and inject drugs:  37,152
(6.4% of the total case count)

Hemophilia/coagulation disorder:  4,674
(.8% of the total case count)

Heterosexual contact:  49,764
(8.6% of the total case count)

Transfusion recipient:  8,261
(1.4% of the total case count)

Mother with/at risk for HIV infection:  6,940
(1.2% of the total case count)

Other/risk not reported or identified:  40,703
(7% of the total case count)

* Data in this summary was compiled by AIDS Action Council. Epidemiological data was provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report year-end edition.


For further information, contact:

José Zuñiga
Director of Communications
AIDS Action Council
1875 Connecticut Avenue NW #700
Washington DC 20009
202-986-1300
202-986-1345 (fax)
202-332-9614 (tty)
E-Mail: aidsaction@aidsaction.org

A note from TheBody.com: Since this article was written, the HIV pandemic has changed, as has our understanding of HIV/AIDS and its treatment. As a result, parts of this article may be outdated. Please keep this in mind, and be sure to visit other parts of our site for more recent information!



  
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This article was provided by AIDS Action Council.
 
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