Why We Should Care: HIV/AIDS in the United States
December 1, 1999
Our nation is facing the most critical and devastating epidemic in recent history. HIV infection and the clinical complications that result are placing a heavy strain on medical and social services. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report the following:
Anyone Can Be at Risk
Many falsely assume that only certain special populations are at risk for HIV/AIDS. However, anyone who engages in higher-risk behaviors may become infected with HIV.
The spread of HIV/AIDS among young people across the country is due to combination of unsafe sexual and drug practices, inadequate prevention services and a misconception among young people that they are not at risk.
One of the best ways to prevent the spread of HIV is to promote open communication and greater honesty about issues of postponing sex, using safer sex practices and avoiding the sharing of needles and other injection equipment.
Disparities in HIV Care
While most people infected with HIV in the US have good access to care, a recent study suggests that disparities in access and quality of care exist in some populations, including the following:
These disparities in care are reflected in infrequent office visits, increased hospitalizations and an increased risk of not receiving potentially life-saving medications. Disparities among disadvantaged populations suggest that a person's insurance status (that is, whether the person is insured or uninsured) contributes to differences in receiving care.
The stigma that still surrounds HIV/AIDS causes many people to worry that they would suffer discrimination if their HIV-positive status became known. Prevailing attitudes concerning people with HIV/AIDS often center around the myths that only gay men and drug users can contract HIV. The truth is that anyone can be at risk of HIV/AIDS if they engage in higher-risk behaviors. The goal is to create an environment in which children and adults with HIV or AIDS can live free from discrimination. To overcome people's ignorance and misconceptions about HIV/AIDS, greater awareness and communication are essential.
Still No Cure
Vaccines are the most cost-effective medical intervention for preventing disease and death. While an AIDS vaccine has not yet been developed, several vaccines and new drugs currently under development show promise. Current drug therapies can prolong life and alleviate symptoms, but they do not cure AIDS, and not everyone benefits from them. While dedicated researchers, physicians, health workers and community activists around the world are working hard to find a cure, HIV/AIDS remains one of the most devastating epidemics in modern history.
The Nation Responds
Countless community and national HIV/AIDS organizations have worked to draw attention to the AIDS epidemic in the US. In response to their sustained efforts over the last decade and the alarming statistics about the growing crisis, the federal government and many state governments have increased financial resources for HIV/AIDS. In 1998, the president and the Congressional Black Caucus announced a new initiative to invest $156 million to improve the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS in African-American and other minority communities. In 1999, the White House Office of National AIDS Policy announced a new $100 million initiative to address the AIDS crisis in Africa. While much has improved, much still remains to be done, especially in the area of HIV prevention.
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This article was provided by American Association for World Health. It is a part of the publication Be a Force for Change.