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Selenium: African Studies Reported at Durban

July 28, 2000

A note from TheBody.com: Since this article was written, the HIV pandemic has changed, as has our understanding of HIV/AIDS and its treatment. As a result, parts of this article may be outdated. Please keep this in mind, and be sure to visit other parts of our site for more recent information!

As usual, the International Conference on AIDS this year was weak on nutrition, but there was information in scattered abstracts and presentations. A search for "selenium" found three abstracts, two of which concerned nutrition.

"Selenium deficiency is associated with shedding of HIV-1-infected cells in the female genital tract," by J. Baeten, S. Mostad, M. Hughes and others, abstract #MoOrA226, reported finding selenium deficiency in 11% of 318 women studied in Kenya. They found that the deficiency was associated with "a nearly 3-fold increased likelihood of shedding of genital mucosal HIV-1 DNA, suggesting that deficiency may increase the infectiousness of women with HIV-1." They suggested further study of nutritional approaches to reducing HIV transmission.

"Nutritional determinants of CD4+ T-cell counts in Ethiopians: a possible role for selenium?" by A. Cherinet, C.E. West, P. Versloot and others, abstract #MoPpB1016, reported that in HIV-positive Ethiopians, selenium levels were lower for those with more advanced HIV disease (as indicated by lower CD4 count). But in those who were HIV negative, higher selenium levels were found in those with lowest CD4 counts, for unknown reasons. The authors noted that Ethiopians generally have lower CD4 counts than international norms, also for reasons which are not known.

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ISSN # 1052-4207

Copyright 2000 by John S. James. Permission granted for noncommercial reproduction, provided that our address and phone number are included if more than short quotations are used.


Back to the AIDS Treatment News July 28, 2000 contents page.

A note from TheBody.com: Since this article was written, the HIV pandemic has changed, as has our understanding of HIV/AIDS and its treatment. As a result, parts of this article may be outdated. Please keep this in mind, and be sure to visit other parts of our site for more recent information!



  
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This article was provided by AIDS Treatment News. It is a part of the publication AIDS Treatment News.
 
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