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February 19, 2003

Research Highlights From the 2003 Retrovirus Conference

It appears that once-daily or twice-daily nevirapine (Viramune) works just as well as efavirenz (Sustiva) in people who have never taken HIV meds. Dr. Andy Pavia covers one of the most eagerly awaited studies of the 10th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, which concluded in Boston on Feb. 14.

Dr. Timothy Wilkin provides a roundup of the smattering of new research on women and HIV, including an examination of women in clinical trials and the impact of a person's gender on HAART.

Although the risk of heart attack in people with HIV remains low, it is higher in people who take HAART. What's important to keep in mind, though, is that traditional risk factors associated with heart disease -- especially smoking, diabetes and hypertension -- are also key in assessing just how risky certain drug regimens are. Dr. Judy Aberg reports.

There's plenty more where this came from: Click here and browse through all of The Body's Retrovirus coverage!

HIV and the U.S. Prison System

Angel was HIV negative when he went to prison in 1991; when he got out, he was HIV positive. The story of what happened to him in between offers a chilling view of HIV in New York's prison system.

So You Want to Make a Difference ... But How?

Today in the U.S. we face one of the worst climates ever for access to HIV-related medical care and social services. In this month's AIDS Treatment News, John James suggests several ways to more effectively organize efforts to make a difference.

New Treatments Seek to Fix Facial Wasting

Some dermatologists and plastic surgeons are reporting an increased interest in injectable silicone, especially among HIV-infected men seeking to erase the gaunt, hollow appearance that has come to be called "the face of AIDS."

HIV Infections Spike in Florida

New HIV infections leaped by an unprecedented 44 percent in Palm Beach County, 30 percent in Broward County and 18 percent in Miami-Dade County last year, as South Florida's struggle with the virus intensified.

Dangerous Skin Infection Spreads in U.S.

An outbreak of an antibiotic-resistant skin infection, causing large boils that are difficult to treat, has spread recently among gay men in some cities, as well as certain prisons.

Eating Right When You're on a Budget

So you want to eat healthy, but your wallet's not thick enough to afford the pricey stuff at health-food stores. What can you do? Body Positive offers some tips on buying -- and eating -- smart.

Meet the Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Evil though it may be, HIV is a living thing -- and understanding how it lives in the body can help researchers devise new ways to fight it. To learn more about the HIV life cycle, read this article.

The Downside of Protecting Babies Cheaply

HIV-infected women given a single dose of nevirapine (Viramune) during labor to prevent them from transmitting the virus to their baby harbor nevirapine-resistant HIV in their breast milk, according to the results of a small clinical trial. The finding casts a shadow over mother-to-child HIV prevention strategies in the developing world.

One Man's T-20 Story: Success in Failure

In 2000, 12 years after his HIV infection, Matt Sharp was just about out of options. Every single drug and combination had failed, and his CD4 count was steadily sinking. Then he joined a T-20 (enfuvirtide, Fuzeon) trial -- and found at least a temporary reprieve.

Asian-American Gay Men Get Little Prevention Help

Young Asian and Pacific Islander men who have sex with men (MSM) in the U.S. are as likely to engage in risky sexual behavior as young MSM from other ethnic backgrounds, researchers say. However, there is no national intervention program to prevent the spread of HIV in this community.

Web Highlights

A Selection of the Top HIV/AIDS Stories From Across the Internet:

A New Debate Over Safety in Sucking: The State of Oral Sex
Experts agree the risk of contracting HIV through oral sex is low -- but how low?
From The Village Voice (February 25, 2003)

AIDS Expert Helps Doctors Learn From Autopsies
Morbid they may be, but autopsies can help HIV docs more effectively diagnose illnesses
From The New York Times (free registration required) (February 18, 2003)

HIV-Positive Gay Men on HAART No More Likely to Have Unprotected Sex Than Untreated Men
A U.K. study suggests gay men aren't as sexually reckless as some experts believe
From AIDSmap (February 17, 2003)

Surgery in Patients With HIV
A brief review of HIV-related surgical issues, divided by type of procedure
Knowledge Base Chapter from HIV InSite (February 2003)

As They Lay Dying: Global Health
A discussion with several global health experts on the fully preventable diseases that are killing millions in the developing world
Audio from "The Connection," WBUR, Boston (January 27, 2003)

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