Public Health Service Guidelines for the Management of Possible Sexual, Injecting-Drug-Use, or Other Nonoccupational Exposure to HIV, Including Considerations Related to Antiretroviral Therapy
September 25, 1998
Evidence of Current Practice
Outside the United States, some guidelines are in use despite the absence of effectiveness data. In Canada, the British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS has published A Guideline for Accidental Exposure to HIV, which recommends antiretroviral agents for rape victims (in addition to persons with occupational HIV exposure). To allow postexposure antiretroviral therapy to be initiated quickly, the Centre provides a free "starter kit" of 5 days of therapy with ZDV and lamivudine (3TC) to emergency rooms where specialized teams care for the victims of sexual assault or to physicians upon request.
This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.