Public Health Service Guidelines for the Management of Possible Sexual, Injecting-Drug-Use, or Other Nonoccupational Exposure to HIV, Including Considerations Related to Antiretroviral Therapy
September 25, 1998
Studies also are needed to determine a) the distribution of knowledge about antiretroviral postexposure prophylaxis among those with nonoccupational HIV exposure, b) the effect of the availability of antiretroviral prophylaxis on HIV risk behaviors at the individual or community level, and c) the frequency of exposures for which therapy might be recommended.
Animal studies designed to mimic nonoccupational exposure to HIV, the timing of therapy initiation, and the antiretroviral drugs used for humans could provide additional information about the usefulness of drugs prescribed at specific intervals after exposure and for defined durations. Drugs or drug combinations that demonstrate promise for reducing retroviral transmission might be more easily documented in animal models.
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This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.