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Hepatitis Surveillance

References

Issued April, 1996

1. McQuillan GM, Townsend TR, Fields HA, et al. Seroepidemiology of hepatitis B virus infection in the United States. Am J Med 1989;87(suppl 3A):5S-10S.

2. Francis DP, Maynard JE. The transmission and outcome of hepatitis A, B, and nonA, nonB: a review. Epidemiol Rev 1979;1:1731.

3. Corey L, Holmes KK. Sexual transmission of hepatitis A in homosexual menincidence and mechanism. N Engl J Med 1980;302:4358.

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4. Dienstag JL, Ryan DM. Occupational exposure to hepatitis B virus in hospital personnel: infection or immunization? Am J Epidemiol 1982;115:2639.

5. Hadler SC, Doto IL, Maynard JE, et al. Occupational risk of hepatitis B infection in hospital workers. J Infect Control 1985;6:2431.

6. Schreeder MT, Thompson SE, Hadler SC, et al. Hepatitis B in homosexual men: prevalence of infection and factors related to transmission. J Infect Dis l982;146:715.

7. Alter MJ, Hadler SC, Margolis HS, et al. The changing epidemiology of hepatitis B in the United States. JAMA 1990;263:1218-22.

8. Immunization Practices Advisory Committee. Recommendations for protection against viral hepatitis. MMWR 1985;34:31324,32935.

9. Immunization Practices Advisory Committee. Hepatitis B virus: a comprehensive strategy for eliminating transmission in the United States through universal childhood vaccination. MMWR 1991;40:1-25.

10. Immunization Practices Advisory Committee. Update: recommendations to prevent hepatitis B virus transmission -- United States. MMWR 1995;44:574-5.

11. Margolis HS, Alter MJ, Hadler SC. Hepatitis B: evolving epidemiology and implications for control. Semin Liver Dis 1991;11:84-92.

12. Alter MJ, Coleman PJ, Alexander WJ, et al. Importance of heterosexual activity in the transmission of hepatitis B and non-A, non-B hepatitis. JAMA 1989;262:1201-5.

13. Alter MJ, Hadler SC, Judson FN, et al. Risk factors for acute nonA, nonB hepatitis in the United States and association with hepatitis C virus infection. JAMA 1990;264:2231-5.

14. Alter MJ. The detection, transmission, and outcome of hepatitis C virus infection. Infectious Agents and Disease 1993;2:155-66.

15. Aach RD, Szmuness W, Mosley JW, et al. Serum alanine aminotransferase of donors in relation to the risk of nonA, nonB hepatitis in recipients. N Engl J Med 1981;304:98994.

16. Koziol DE, Holland PV, Alling DW, et al. Antibody to hepatitis B core antigen as a paradoxical marker for nonA, nonB hepatitis agents in donated blood. Ann Intern Med 1986;104:48895.

17. CDC. Enterically transmitted nonA, nonB hepatitis Mexico. MMWR 1987;36:597602.

18. Bellabbes EH, Bourguermouh A, Benatallah A, Illoul G. Epidemic non-A, non-B hepatitis in Algeria: strong evidence for its spreading by water. J Med Virol 1985;16:257-63.

19. Mast EJ, Alter MJ. Epidemiology of viral hepatitis: an overview. Seminars in Virology 1993;4:273-83.

20. DeCock KM, Bradley DW, Sandford NG, Govindarajan S, Maynard JE, Redeker AG. Epidemic non-A, non-B hepatitis in patients from Pakistan. Ann Intern Med 1987;106:227-30.

21. Alter MJ, Mares A, Hadler SC, Maynard JE. The effect of underreporting on the apparent incidence and epidemiology of acute viral hepatitis. Am J Epidemiol 1987;125:1339.





  
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