No Turning Back
Addressing the HIV Crisis Among Men Who Have Sex with Men
Latino MSM also bear a disproportionate burden of HIV. Latino MSM experience many of the same barriers to prevention as their African-American counterparts, such as stigma, economic disadvantage, and inadequate community infrastructure. However, many Latino MSM also experience unique cultural influences which may impact their decisions concerning sexual risks.
Latino MSM are more likely than African-American MSM to identify themselves as homosexuals, but they are less likely to do so than whites.(24) Because they are less likely to live in predominantly gay neighborhoods, they are less likely to be reached by gay-oriented prevention programs.(25)
Latino MSM, like their African-American counterparts, may lack the economic opportunities more often available to white MSM. In 1998 and 1999, during a time of low nationwide unemployment, 27 percent of participants in the three-city National Latino Gay Men's Study said they were unemployed.(34)
Additional Challenges for Foreign-Born
Latino MSM who are foreign-born also may face additional challenges. For example, undocumented MSM may fear being reported to immigration services if they seek HIV counseling and testing or access treatment services if infected. Also, research indicates that the length of time a Latino MSM has lived in the United States and his level of acculturation may affect his sexual risk behavior. For example, Latino MSM who are less acculturated are more likely to report bisexual risk behavior.(35)
This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.