Officials Fear High American Indian STD Rates Leave Door Open for HIV
July 17, 2003
High STD rates among South Dakota's American Indian population have health administrators worried about the potential for a large HIV outbreak should the virus be introduced into certain behavioral groups.
"All it takes is introducing someone with HIV, and we'll have a fairly large outbreak on our hands," said Sarah Patrick, a contract epidemiologist for Indian Health Service. According to Patrick, the high number of STDs reported in American Indians in South Dakota indicates unhealthy behaviors that are ideal for spreading HIV.
A 2002 South Dakota Department of Health report showed Indians had 46 percent of the reported chlamydia cases and 48 percent of the reported gonorrhea cases in the state, even though they comprise only 8.3 percent of the state's total population. South Dakota's Indians are already disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS, representing 13 percent of all HIV/AIDS cases, according to department statistics. Men ages 20 to 39 account for the majority of those cases.
Dave Morgan, STD program manager for the Department of Health, said the numbers are very concerning for the Indian population. Morgan said a high-risk lifestyle is probably the greatest factor for the higher numbers of Indians being diagnosed with STDs. Factors such as alcohol and drug use, multiple sex partners, unprotected sex, health care access and economic considerations play a part, said Morgan.
IHS mandates strong compliance with state STD reporting and is acutely aware of the need for STD screening, which may contribute to the high numbers. "With everything else considered, the rates are still higher in the Native American population," said Morgan. He said IHS reports every diagnosed STD. "With the private sector, I can't say that it is as complete," added Morgan.
This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.