Estimates of Primary and Secondary Syphilis Rates in Persons With HIV in the United States, 2002
May 27, 2005
The current study was designed to estimate the rate of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis in HIV patients in the United States in 2002. The researchers approximated the number of new cases of P&S syphilis in HIV-positive patients and divided that by the estimated number of people living with HIV. The investigators obtained values for the calculations from national syphilis and HIV/AIDS surveillance reports and other published sources.
The authors estimated the rates of new cases of P&S syphilis at 186 per 100,000 people living with HIV in 2002; 25 per 100,000 HIV-positive women; 60 per 100,000 HIV-positive men who have sex with women only; and 336 per 100,000 HIV-positive men who have sex with men. Of the 6,862 reported cases of P&S syphilis in 2002, an estimated 1,718 (25 percent) occurred in patients co-infected with HIV.
"The estimated rate of P&S syphilis in persons with HIV is considerably higher than that of the general population," the authors concluded. "These findings highlight the importance of providing sexually transmitted disease prevention and control services to HIV-infected persons."
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
05.2005; Vol. 32; No. 5: P. 265-269; Harrell W. Chesson, Ph.D.; James D. Heffelfinger, M.D.; Richard F. Voigt, M.A.; Dayne Collins, B.S.
Despite Drop in Syphilis Cases Among Certain Groups, Overall Incidence Increases Due to Rise in Cases Among MSM
This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.