Canada: More Than 10 Percent of 14- and 15-Year Olds Have Sex: Statistics Canada
May 6, 2005
Canadian youths are initiating sex at early ages and many are not using condoms, according to two reports released Tuesday by the federal agency Statistics Canada.Adapted from:
Among 3,212 youths ages 14-15 surveyed in the 1998-2001 National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, 12 percent of boys and 13 percent of girls reported already having had sex. And in a 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey of 18,000 people ages 15-24, nearly four in 10 sexually active respondents reported not using condoms the last time of intercourse. The average age for losing one's virginity was 16.5 for both sexes.
Among those ages 15-24, 4 percent reported having been diagnosed with an STD; females were twice as likely to report an STD diagnosis.
The proportion of youths having sex by ages 14-15 was higher in Quebec (18 percent) than among teens in eastern provinces (15 percent) and those in Ontario and the western provinces (10 percent). The earlier sexual debut, the more likely youths were to have had more than one partner, and males were more likely to have multiple partners than females.
Among girls, the onset of puberty, poor self-esteem, having tried smoking or drinking and not being overweight were significantly associated with early sexual activity. For boys, older age (15 rather than 14), a poor relationship with parents, low household income and having tried smoking were associated with early sexual debut.
Females were likelier to have intercourse without condoms than males. Sixty percent of girls who reported debut by age 13 did not use a condom at last intercourse, compared with 46 percent of females starting to have sex by ages 14-17 and 37 percent of females who started sex at ages 20-24. By ages 15-17, 28 percent of Canadians surveyed reported having sex, compared with 65 percent of those ages 18-19 and 80 percent of those ages 20-24.
05.03.2005; Lorrayne Anthony
This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.