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Annotated Bibliography: Culturally Competent Sexuality Education Resources

December 1996/January 1997

A note from TheBody.com: Since this article was written, the HIV pandemic has changed, as has our understanding of HIV/AIDS and its treatment. As a result, parts of this article may be outdated. Please keep this in mind, and be sure to visit other parts of our site for more recent information!


Introduction

Educators must target sexuality-related materials and programs in order to reach individuals of differing ages, genders, sexual orientations, socioeconomic backgrounds, races, and cultures. Many recent materials provide information about sexuality in a culturally competent manner.

Cultural competence means more than writing in a language other than English or including photographs of people of color. Besides using appropriate language and visual images, health education materials that are culturally competent must reflect the target audience's:

  • styles of communication;

  • beliefs about the causes and remedies of illness;

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  • structures, roles, and expectations of family relationships;

  • attitudes toward intimacy, sexual identity, and sexual behavior at different age levels and stages in a relationship;

  • beliefs about the appropriate gender roles of males and females; and

  • beliefs about spirituality and religion, and the roles they play in the lives of individuals and the community.

(From A Youth Leader's Guide to Building Cultural Competence, Advocates for Youth)

This bibliography focuses on materials that provide HIV/AIDS prevention and sexuality education, pregnancy prevention, and other areas of sexual health education for culturally diverse audiences. As with all sexuality education materials, SIECUS recommends that educators screen materials to make certain they are relevant to the target audience.

With the exception of materials printed by SIECUS, none of the publications listed here are either sold or distributed by SIECUS. Most of these resources are available, however, at the Mary S. Calderone Library at SIECUS, which is open by appointment to the public and a fee. All of the resources in this bibliography are available from the listed distributors.

Copies of this bibliography are available for purchase from the SIECUS Publications Department at the following costs: 1-4 copies, $3.00 each; 5-49 copies, $2.75 each; 50-99 copies, $2.50 each; 100 or more copies, $2.25 each. SIECUS is located at 130 West 42nd Street, Suite 350, New York, NY 10036-7802; 212/819-9770.

This bibliography was compiled by Pierce Mills M.A.


Books for Professionals

A Youth Leader's Guide to Building Cultural Competence
Susan A. Messina
This book is designed to help educators, health care professionals, and other service providers meet the challenges of targeting HIV and sexuality education to culturally diverse groups. Using a four-step model, this resource helps build the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to reach young people from a variety of backgrounds, with a specific focus on African-American, Latino, and gay, lesbian, and bisexual teenagers.
78 pp. 1994. Advocates for Youth, 1025 Vermont Avenue N.W., Suite 200, Washington, DC 20005; 202/347-5700. $12.95.

AIDS Education: Reaching Diverse Populations
Melinda K. Moore and Martin L. Forst, Editors
This book describes how to tailor HIV/AIDS education and prevention efforts to specific cultural and ethnic groups, including gay men, lesbians, Asian American and Pacific Islanders, Latinos, sexual assault survivors, and homeless youth. It includes discussions on how to identify those most at risk within these communities, what types of interventions are most appropriate to these communities, and the role of evaluation in determining the success of community education efforts. It also explores the social, political, and cultural barriers that impact health educators' abilities to function effectively.
248 pp. 1996. Praeger Publishers, 888 Post Road West, Box 5007, Westport, CT 06881; 800/225-5800. $55.00.

Bodies and Biases: Sexualities in Hispanic Cultures and Literatures
David William Foster and Roberto Reis, Editors
Looking at a broad spectrum of popular culture (including television and music), this book addresses how sexual behavior and collective identity, homosexuality, and gender are represented in historical and contemporary Hispanic literature.
440 pp. 1996. University of Minnesota, 111 Third Avenue South, Suite 290, Minneapolis, MN 55401-2520; 800/388-3863. $21.95.

Educating Everybody's Children: Diverse Teaching Strategies for Diverse Learners
Robert W. Cole, Editor
Although not specifically focused on sexuality education, this book serves as a practical, detailed guide to developing a variety of school programs that can improve the performance of students from diverse cultural, ethnic, linguistic, and socioeconomic backgrounds. While some of the instructional techniques are specifically designed to increase student achievement in reading, writing, mathematics, and oral communication skills, other strategies apply in any subject area.
184 pp. 1995. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1250 North Pitt Street, Alexandria, VA 22314; 800/933-2723. $21.95.

Hispanic Sexual Behavior: Implications for Research and HIV Prevention
This report is based on the findings of a leadership roundtable convened by the National Coalition of Hispanic Health and Human Services Organizations (COSSMHO). It provides information about sexual behavior and summarizes implications for HIV prevention. This report also includes a series of recommendations for quantitative and qualitative research to investigate how the sexual attitudes, beliefs, and behavior among Hispanics relate to safer sex practices.
53 pp. 1991. COSSMHO, 1501 16th Street N.W., Washington, DC 20036; 202/797-4324. $15.00.

Multicultural Human Services for AIDS Treatment and Prevention: Policy Perspectives and Planning
Julio Morales, Ph.D. and Maria Bok, Ph.D., Editors
This book discusses specific suggestions for prevention, education, and behavioral change strategies that are culturally relevant to African-Americans, Native Americans, Native Hawaiians, Puerto Ricans, and Mexicans.
122 pp. 1992. Harrington Park Press, 10 Alice Street, Binghamton, NY 13904-1580; 800/342-9678. $29.95.

Sexual Cultures and the Construction of Adolescent Identities
Janice M. Irvine, Editor
This book explores how a teenager's race, class, gender, sexual orientation, religion, and family relationships affect the development of his or her sexual identity. It discusses the relationship between ethnic background and adolescent sexual behaviors, desires, and body image. With a specific focus on Asian, Latino, gay and lesbian, and physically disabled teenagers, this text challenges common generalizations about cultural groups to help educators develop culturally competent sexuality education curricula.
325 pp. 1994. Temple University Press, 1601 North Broad Street, University Services Building, Room 305, Philadelphia, PA 19122; 800/447-1656. $19.95.

Sexuality Education Across Cultures: Working With Differences
Janice M. Irvine
Using social-constructionist theory as a tool for understanding cultural diversity and sexuality, this book describes how culture shapes the ways that individuals may differ in their sexual thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. The author acknowledges that there is usually no single blueprint for developing effective multicultural sexuality education. The book is not a prescription for a curriculum, but rather, a vehicle to provide insight into research and examples of problems that sexuality educators may face as they develop culturally competent programs to meet their specific needs.
184 pp. 1995. Jossey-Bass, Inc., 350 Sansome Street, San Francisco, CA 94104; 415/433-1740. $29.95.

Sexuality, Poverty, and the Inner City
Elijah Anderson, Ph.D.
This report from the seminar series, "Sexuality and American Social Policy," focuses on the effects poverty has had on the sexual behavior and gender roles of urban youth. The text also compares the sexual attitudes and experiences of poor white teenagers with those of minority youth.
81 pp. 1994. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2400 Sand Hill Road, Menlo, CA 94025; 800/656-4533. Free.


Journals, Newsletters and Booklets

Family Planning and Birth Control
Four separate booklets explain family planning and contraception in Vietnamese, Farsi, Khmer (Cambodian), Russian, and English. The booklets provide information about the female reproductive system (with simple graphics), the reproductive process, and different contraceptive methods. They include charts on each contraceptive with information on effectiveness, side effects, availability, and approximate cost.
16 pp. 1994. New York Association for New Americans Inc., Health Education Department, 17 Battery Place, New York, NY 10004-1102; 212/425-5051. Free.

Guia Para una Educación Sexual Integral Para la Juventud Hispana/Latina: Kindergarten -- Grado 12
This booklet is an adaptation and translation of "Guidelines for Comprehensive Sexuality Education: Kindergarten -- 12th Grade" for Spanish-speaking communities in the United States. Designed to help school boards, curriculum specialists, and other educators create comprehensive sexuality education programs, these guidelines were developed by a task force of leading health, education, and sexuality experts. The text appears in both Spanish and English, and includes a resource section on materials for Hispanic/Latino youth.
115 pp. 1995. A 1996 revision of the English language edition is also available. SIECUS, 130 West 42nd Street, Suite 350, New York, NY 10036-7802; 212/819-9770. 1-4 copies, $7.95 each; 5-99 copies, $4.95 each.

Instantes
Published quarterly by the National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health, this bilingual newsletter provides information, public policy updates, and opportunities for advocacy regarding the reproductive health of Latinas nationwide.
National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health, 1420 16th Street N.W., Suite B, Washington, DC 20036; 202/588-9363. $30.00 per year.

Perceptions of Risk: An Assessment of the Factors Influencing Use of Reproductive and Sexual Health Services by Asian American Women
This booklet details the findings of in-depth interviews with health care advocates, practitioners, and focus groups with Asian American women. It discusses how misinformation, poverty, sexism, and privacy issues severely limit Asian American women's access to health care services. Many specific recommendations for educators and counselors working with this population are included.
28 pp. 1995. National Asian Women's Health Organization, 250 Montgomery Street, Suite 410, San Francisco, CA 94104; 415/989-9747. $10.00.

SIECUS Report: The Challenge of Diversity
(Volume 23, Number 3: February-March, 1995)
This issue includes the following articles: "American Indians: Reclaiming Cultural and Sexual Identity," "The Problem of Using Race to Understand Sexual Behaviors," and "A Guide to Working With Youth of Various Backgrounds."
SIECUS, 130 West 42nd Street, Suite 350, New York, NY 10036-7802; 212/819-9770. $9.20.

SIECUS Report: Sexuality Education
(Volume 22, Number 6: August-September, 1994)
This issue includes the following articles: "Sexuality Education for Communities of Color," "Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Street Youth," and "Sexuality Education for Youth in High-Risk Situations."
SIECUS, 130 West 42nd Street, Suite 350, New York, NY 10036-7802; 212/819-9770. $9.20.

Stopping Sexual Assault in Marriage/Supresion Del Ataque Sexual en el Matrimonio
This booklet (written in both Spanish and English) provides women, counselors, and advocates with factual definitions, causes, attitudes, treatments, and laws regarding sexual assault by husbands.
12 pp. in each language. 1990. The Center for Constitutional Rights, 666 Broadway, 7th Floor, New York, NY 10012; 212/614-6464. $1.00.

Transitions
Published quarterly by Advocates for Youth, this newsletter provides youth-serving agencies, professionals, policy makers, and the media with information and opportunities for advocacy regarding the abilities of youth to make healthy decisions about sexuality.
Advocates for Youth, 1025 Vermont Avenue N.W., Suite 200, Washington, DC 20005; 202/347-5700. $15.00 for one year; $20.00 for two years.

What Are African-Americans' HIV Prevention Needs?
Produced by the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, this fact sheet provides details regarding the statistics, risk behaviors, prevention programs, prevention obstacles, and remaining challenges to fighting HIV transmission in the African-American communities in the United States. Available in English and Spanish.
1995. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2400 Sand Hill Road, Menlo, CA 94025, 800/656-4533. Free.

What Are Latinos' HIV Prevention Needs?
Produced by the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, this fact sheet provides details regarding the statistics, risk behaviors, prevention programs, prevention obstacles, and remaining challenges to fighting HIV transmission in Latino communities in the United States. Available in English and Spanish.
1995. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2400 Sand Hill Road, Menlo, CA 94025, 800/656-4533. Free.


Publications for Families

Cómo Hablar Con Sus Hijos Sobre el SIDA
An adaptation and translation of How to Talk to Your Children About AIDS for Spanish-speaking communities, this booklet is designed to help parents talk with their children about HIV/AIDS. It offers basic information about HIV/AIDS and guidelines of appropriateness for specific age levels: preschool, young children, preteens, and teenagers.
20 pp. 1990. SIECUS, 130 West 42nd Street, Suite 350, New York, NY 10036-7802; 212/819-9770. One copy free with a self-addressed, stamped, business-size envelope; 2-49 copies, $1.00 each; 50-99 copies, $.80 each; multiples of 100, $65.00 per hundred; multiples of 1,000, $400.00 per thousand.

Hablemos de Sexo
An adaptation and translation of Talk About Sex for Spanish-speaking communities, this booklet was developed to help teenagers communicate more openly and effectively about issues related to sexuality and HIV/AIDS. It offers clear, honest, straightforward information about relationships, communication skills, and safer sex behaviors in a very engaging, youth-friendly manner.
46 pp. 1995. SIECUS, 130 West 42nd Street, Suite 350, New York, NY 10036; 212/819-9770. 1-4 copies, $2.00 each; 5-49 copies, $1.75 each; 50-99 copies, $1.50 each; 100 or more copies, $1.25 each.

Stand Strong
This 16-page comic book focuses on the lives of several African-American teenagers at an urban youth center. It highlights the difficulties they face in overcoming peer pressure, preventing pregnancy, resisting alcohol and other drugs, and in building a positive self image. Ages 12-18.
16 pp. 1991. Wisconsin Clearinghouse, P.O. Box 1468, Madison, WI 53701; 608/263-2797. $2.25 each; 10 for $22.00; 100 for $215.00; 500 for $1,000.00.

What Caring Adults Can Do
Intended as a companion to "Stand Strong," this booklet is for parents, teachers, and counselors who work with African-American youth. It provides valuable tips for talking with youth about their sexual behavior, alcohol and other drugs, and other difficult issues which arise in teenage relationships.
24 pp. 1991. Wisconsin Clearinghouse, P.O. Box 1468, Madison, WI 53701; 608/263-2797. $1.25 each; 25 for $30.00; 50 for $56.00; 100 for $105.00; 500 for $500.


Audiovisual Materials

Adolescence -- A Woman's First Transition Tape 1: A Young Woman's Guide
This video is designed to help young women understand pubertal changes. A small group of diverse teenage girls discuss what occurs during puberty, including emotional, hormonal, and physical changes, first menstruation, and changes in relationships. Two female counselors also answer questions regarding pelvic exams, eating disorders, reproduction, contraception, sexual orientation, and safer sex. Ages 10-18. 50 minutes.
1995. Women's Healthcare Video Library, 55 Pond Avenue, Brookline, MA 02146; 800/300-8273. $29.95 for both tapes.

Tape 2: A Parent's Guide to Adolescence
This companion video is designed to help parents understand their role in supporting their adolescent daughter. Parents and medical experts answer questions regarding pubertal changes, menstruation, preventative health care, contraception, safer sex, body image, sexual orientation, and communication skills so that parents are better able to help their daughters make healthy decisions. 55 minutes.
1995. Women's Healthcare Video Library, 55 Pond Avenue, Brookline, MA 02146; 800/300-8273. $29.95 for both tapes.

Between Friends
Using a Spanish-language soap opera format, this video tells the stories of three Hispanic teenagers who are confronted with choices regarding their own sexual behavior and drug use. The story line addresses issues of rebelliousness, the desire to experiment with sexual activity and drugs, and the effects of peer pressure. The video underscores the importance of condom use during sexual intercourse. Available in English and Spanish. Ages 13-18. 26 minutes.
1994. Churchill Media/Society for Visual Education, 6677 North Northwest Highway, Chicago, IL 60631-1304; 800/829-1900. $99.95.

A Family Talks About Sex
Aimed at parents, this video illustrates the need for honest and direct conversations with children about sexuality. Dramatizations by African-American, Hispanic, Asian, and white families stress the importance of having ongoing discussions throughout all stages of development, from infancy to adulthood. Conversations take place with both male and female children. Topics include: reproduction, menstruation, nocturnal emissions, contraception, masturbation, and teenage sexual relationships. 30 minutes.
1988. Churchill Media/Society for Visual Education, 6677 North Northwest Highway, Chicago, IL 60631-1304; 800/829-1900. $89.95.

Now We're Talkin' -- Facts and Feelings About Teenage Sexuality
Planned Parenthood educators are shown conducting workshops on contraceptive information and correct condom use for two single-gender groups of culturally diverse teenagers. The facilitators use role plays in another coed group to address the need for teenagers to take responsibility and accept the consequences of sexual behavior. This video, which was produced by Planned Parenthood of New York City, comes with a discussion guide that includes suggested activities for teachers. Ages 13-18. 15 minutes.
1995. Intermedia, 1300 Dexter Avenue North, Seattle, WA 98109; 800/553-8336. $198.00. Reduced price for Planned Parenthood affiliates.

Real People: Teen Mothers and Fathers Speak Out
This video is designed to help teenagers understand their own motivations and sexual behavior. It presents interviews with several African-American, Hispanic, and white teenage mothers and fathers who explain why having a child seems so attractive to them and to many young people. They also discuss the realities of teenage parenthood, including limited freedom, financial hardship, and the difficulties in maintaining relationships with partners and families. The video comes with a transcript and a teacher's guide. Ages 12-18. 27 minutes.
1995. Sunburst Communications Inc., 39 Washington Ave., P.O. Box 40, Pleasantville, NY 10570-2838; 800/431-1934. $189.95.

Staying Out of the Risky Zone
David Vaughan
This unique musical approach to sexuality education and HIV prevention includes two compact discs or cassettes of eight songs each that are intended to supplement other curricula. The songs convey information and address personal and cultural attitudes related to sexuality. The songs vary in both musical style and topical content. Issues covered include HIV/AIDS, teen pregnancy, abstinence, safer sex, communication skills, media impact, sexual assault, sexual orientation, and homophobia. A 30-page discussion guide for each volume contains suggestions for effective use of the songs in an educational setting. Ages 12-18.
1996. Risky Zone Initiatives. 74 Emory Street, Portland, ME 04102; 207/761-6981. $30.00 for both CDs; $26.00 for both cassettes.

Take Charge: Managing Your Sexual Health
Hosted by an African-American mother and using interviews with African-American and white teenagers, this video emphasizes that managing sexual health is as important as taking care of other aspects of health. Although sexual abstinence is strongly suggested as the safest option for teenagers, the importance of condom use is also discussed. In addition, the video encourages sexually involved teenagers to get tested and treated for STDs. An African-American teenage male and a white female are filmed throughout their appointments at an STD clinic in order to demystify physical exams. Ages 13-18. 29 minutes.
1995. ETR Associates, P.O. Box 1830, Santa Cruz, CA 95061-1830; 800/321-4407. $99.95.


Curricula

Becoming a Responsible Teen: An HIV Risk Reduction Intervention for African-American Adolescents
Janet S. St. Lawrence, Ph.D.
This manual was designed as a resource to help educators and health care providers establish an HIV-prevention program for African-American teenagers. Selected by the Centers for Disease Control as a "Program That Works," this skills-training curriculum is credited with helping adolescents learn to lower their risk of unintended pregnancy and STDs, including HIV. It is based upon a research intervention called BART ("Becoming a Responsible Teen") that was funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, and developed and evaluated in cooperation with Jackson-Hinds Comprehensive Health Center, a community-based organization in Jackson, MS.
156 pages. 1995. Janet S. St. Lawrence, Ph.D., Community Health Program, Jackson State University, 2310 Highway 80 West, Suite 3130, Jackson, MS 39204; 601/973-3693. Free.

A Cultural and Empowerment Approach to HIV Prevention Among Latinas/Hispanic Women
Written in English, this 12-module training curriculum provides an empowerment approach to sexuality education among Latinas/Hispanic women. The lessons include information on HIV/AIDS prevention and transmission as well as exercises for examining the role of Latinas/Hispanic women in preventing HIV infection. The curriculum set includes a 221-page participant's manual, a 213-page trainer's manual, and evaluation materials.
1991. National Coalition of Hispanic Health and Human Services Organizations (COSSMHO), 1501 Sixteenth Street N.W., Washington, DC 20036; 202/797-4324. $67.00.

It's Up to Us: An AIDS Education Curriculum for ESL Students
Henry Lesnick
This curriculum provides lessons for five hours of HIV/AIDS instruction for high school and young adult students who speak English as a second language (ESL). Using exercises which require students to use listening, reading, writing, speaking, and critical thinking skills, the curriculum helps students develop English language skills while learning how HIV is transmitted and prevented. Copy-ready background materials, exercises, and activities are provided for each lesson. A list of international HIV/AIDS education and support service providers is also included.
72 pages. 1995. Hostos Community College, Department of English, City University of New York, Bronx, NY 10451; 718/518-6597. Free.

Teen Pregnancy: A New Beginning
Linda Barr, M.N. and Catherine Monserrat, Ph.D.
This workbook was designed for individuals working with pregnant teenagers in educational, clinical, and counseling settings. It provides teenage women and men with information and guidance so they can make healthful decisions for themselves and their babies. The contents span the entire childbearing cycle, from contraception through early parenthood.
109 pages. 1996. Bureau for At-Risk Youth, 135 Dupont Street, P.O. Box 760, Plainview, NY 11803-0760; 516/349-5520. $16.95.

Working With Pregnant and Parenting Teens
Linda Barr, M.N. and Catherine Monserrat, Ph.D.
Designed as a teacher's guide to Teen Pregnancy: A New Beginning, this workbook provides professionals with practical resource information, complete lesson plans, reproductive charts, and diagrams regarding teenage pregnancy and early child care.
167 pages. 1996. Bureau for At-Risk Youth, 135 Dupont Street, P.O. Box 760, Plainview, NY 11803-0760; 516/349-5520. $29.95.


Organizations

These members of the SIECUS-coordinated National Coalition to Support Sexuality Education (NCSSE) have contributed to improving the sexual health of communities of color, and are helpful sources of information and support:

Advocates for Youth
1025 Vermont Avenue N.W. Suite 200
Washington, DC 20005
Phone: 202/347-5700
FAX: 202/347-2263

BEBASHI (Blacks Educating Blacks About Sexual Health Issues)
1233 Locust Street Suite 401
Philadelphia, PA 19107
Phone: 215/546-4140
FAX: 215/546-6107

Child Welfare League of America
440 First Street N.W. Suite 310
Washington, DC 20001
Phone: 202/638-2952
FAX: 202/638-4004

ETR Associates
P.O. Box 1830
Santa Cruz, CA 95061
Phone: 408/438-4060
FAX: 408/438-3618

Girls, Inc.
30 East 33rd Street
New York, NY 10016
Phone: 212/689-3700
FAX: 212/683-1253

Latina Roundtable on Health and Reproductive Rights
116 East 16th Street 7th Floor
New York, NY 10003
Phone: 212/533-9055
FAX: 212/982-3321

National Latina/o Lesbian and Gay Organization
1612 K Street N.W. Suite 500
Washington, DC 20036
Phone: 202/466-8240
FAX: 202/466-8530

National Asian Women's Health Organization
250 Montgomery Street Suite 410
San Francisco, CA 94104
Phone: 415/989-9747
FAX: 415/989-9758

National Minority AIDS Council
1931 13th Street N.W.
Washington, DC 20009
Phone: 202/483-6622
FAX: 202/483-1135

National Native American AIDS Prevention Center
2100 Lake Shore Avenue Suite A
Oakland, CA 94606
Phone: 510/444-2051
FAX: 510/444-1593

National Urban League
500 East 62nd Street
New York, NY 10022
Phone: 212/310-9238
FAX: 212/593-8250

Planned Parenthood Federation of America
810 Seventh Avenue
New York, NY 10019
Phone: 212/541-7800
FAX: 212/247-6269

YWCA of the USA
624 9th Street N.W. 3rd Floor
Washington, DC 20001
Phone: 202/628-3636
FAX: 202/783-7123

Helpful information and resources are also available from:

Office of Minority Health -- Resource Center
P.O. Box 37337
Washington, DC 20013-7337
Phone: 800/444-6472
FAX: 301/589-0884

National Coalition of Hispanic Health and Human Services Organizations (COSSMHO)
1030 15th Street N.W. Suite 1053
Washington, DC 20005
Phone: 202/387-5000
FAX: 202/797-4353

National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health
1420 16th Street N.W. Suite B
Washington, DC 20036
Phone: 202/588-9363
FAX: 202/588-9369

National Youth Advocacy Coalition -- Bridges Project
1711 Connecticut Avenue N.W. Suite 206
Washington, DC 20009
Phone: 202/319-7596
FAX: 202/319-7365

A note from TheBody.com: Since this article was written, the HIV pandemic has changed, as has our understanding of HIV/AIDS and its treatment. As a result, parts of this article may be outdated. Please keep this in mind, and be sure to visit other parts of our site for more recent information!



  
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  • Printable Single-Page Print-Friendly
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This article was provided by Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States. It is a part of the publication SIECUS Report.
 
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