Sexual Behaviour, Condom Use, and Disclosure of HIV Status in HIV Infected Heterosexual Individuals Attending an Inner London HIV Clinic
April 24, 2006
In 2001, the National Strategy for Sexual Health and HIV for England emphasized the role of HIV services in reducing secondary transmission of HIV through prevention work with HIV patients. The researchers undertook the current study to determine the sexual behavior, condom use, and disclosure of HIV status among HIV-infected heterosexuals attending an HIV clinic in inner-city London.
The researchers performed a cross-sectional questionnaire study of heterosexual HIV-infected persons at an HIV outpatient clinic, collecting demographic data for all respondents and data on sexual behavior for those who were sexually active in the previous year. The questionnaire was self-administered. From the clinic's database, researchers obtained viral load and CD4 count information for responders, and viral load, CD4 count, sex, age and ethnicity for nonresponders.
One hundred forty-two patients took part, for a response rate of 47.3 percent. In the past year, 100 participants reported being sexually active. Of these, 73 percent reported using condoms when they last had vaginal sex. Knowledge of their partner's HIV status was the only variable significantly associated with the participant disclosing their HIV status to the partner (p"Issues relating to non-disclosure and partner notification in HIV infected heterosexuals will need to be better understood to improve sexual health in this group and to reduce onward transmission of HIV," the authors concluded.
Sexually Transmitted Infections
02.06; Vol. 82: P. 117-119; S.S. Dave; J. Stephenson; D.E. Mercey; N. Panahmand; E. Jungmann
This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.