The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Release the "Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance, 2002"
February 6, 2004
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently released its annual report, "Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance: 2002," which documents the trends and distribution of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among 10-44 year-olds in the United States. The report is based on data from STD project area case reports, prevalence data from regional and national monitoring programs, and national sample surveys implemented by federal and private organizations. This issue of SHOP Talk focuses on the STD rates among young people under the age of 25.
The rates for each disease were calculated as the number of infections per 100,000 people.
Gonorrhea Rates in 2002
Chlamydia Rates in 2002Women
Primary and Secondary Syphilis Rates in 2002*Women
* Unlike the data included under gonorrhea and chlamydia, there are no rates for positive results of primary and secondary syphilis screenings among women ages 15-24 who got tested in family planning clinics
The CDC believes that when compared to older adults, adolescents (ages 10-19) and young adults (ages 20-24) are at higher risk for acquiring STDs for several reasons: young people between the ages of 19 and 25 are more likely to have multiple sequential (or concurrent) sexual partners; they may have a physiological susceptibility to such diseases as Chlamydia; and they often cannot or do not access high quality STD prevention services due to lack of insurance, inability to pay for services, lack of transportation to and from STD prevention service providers, and concerns about the confidentiality of receiving preventive care for STDs.
The CDC suggests that to successfully combat the spread of STDs, educators, healthcare professionals, and policymakers need to refocus their efforts, modify how they deliver services, and accept new responsibilities. The report reasons that a successful national initiative to confront and prevent STDs requires widespread public awareness and participation from all levels of society.
For More Information
This article was provided by Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States. It is a part of the publication SHOP Talk: School Health Opportunities and Progress Bulletin.