Monitoring the Effectiveness of HIV and STI Prevention Initiatives in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland: Where Are We Now?
March 10, 2006
"Primary and secondary prevention are essential components of the response to HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs)," wrote the authors of the current report, which presents findings from nationally implemented HIV/STI prevention interventions.
The researchers found that of persons attending STI clinics in 2003, at least 64 percent of men who have sex with men (MSM) and 55 percent of heterosexuals accepted confidential HIV testing; 88 percent of all HIV infections in women giving birth in England were diagnosed prior to delivery; 85 percent of MSM eligible for hepatitis B vaccination received a first dose of vaccine at their first STI clinic visit; 74 percent of STI clinic patients for emergency appointments, and 20 percent of those for routine appointments, were seen within 48 hours of initiating an appointment; and England's National Chlamydia Screening Program found a positivity of 10 percent and 13 percent among young asymptomatic women and men, respectively.
"Prevention initiatives have seen recent success in limiting further HIV/STI transmission," the authors concluded. "However, more work is required if current levels of transmission are to be reduced."
Sexually Transmitted Infections
02.06.2006; Vol. 82; No. 4: P. 4-10; A.E. Brown; S.E. Tomkins; L.E. Logan; D.S. LaMontagne; H.L. Munro; V.D. Hope; A. Righarts; J.E. Blackham; B.D. Rice; T.R. Chadborn; P.A. Tookey; J.V. Parry; V. Delpech; O.N. Gill; K.A. Fenton