Why India Escaped Worst of Disease
May 25, 2006
With its low rate of condom use, a large population of migrant workers and truckers who partronize prostitutes, and an inconsistent health infrastructure, India seemed to have all the ingredients for an African-style AIDS pandemic. But expert predictions failed to take into account an apparently crucial factor: Indian women typically do not have sex partners outside marriage. HIV did decimate the ranks of sex workers, who then transmitted it to their clients, who in turn infected their wives, but the disease appears to have stopped with them. "That's sort of a dead end, because multipartner sex among women is not very high," said Rajesh Kumar, chief of the School of Public Health at the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research in Chandigarh, India. A government survey found just 2 percent of Indian women reported sex outside their marriage in the past year. In addition, studies credit increased condom use for a drop in new infections, said Kumar.
Kansas City Star
05.25.06; Ken Moritsugu
This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.