October 11, 2002
Researchers recruited participants from two community-based family planning clinics operated by the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston between April and November 1997. In order to be eligible for the study participants had to identify themselves as White, Hispanic, or Black, and could not be pregnant during the study. Researchers asked all sexually active women between the ages of 14 and 26 to complete an anonymous questionnaire that measured how they felt about their sexual rights; 904 young women participated.
To measure perceived sexual assertiveness, researchers asked participants to respond to 13 statements about sexual rights that began with the phrase, "I have the right to ...."
Respondents receiving poor grades in school were more likely than those with better grades to believe they never had the right to stop foreplay or refuse to have sexual intercourse. Respondents between 18 to 21 years old were more likely than respondents between 22 and 26 years old to believe they were unable to ask their partner if he had been tested for sexually transmitted diseases.
Respondents who had given birth one or more times were more likely than respondents who had never given birth to feel that they never had the right to stop foreplay at any time. Respondents with a history of physical or sexual abuse were more likely than respondents who had never experienced violence to believe they never had the right to refuse sexual intercourse or to make decisions about their sexual behavior.
The authors believe these data suggest that many young women seeking reproductive healthcare have limited beliefs in their own sexual rights. The authors feel that these results show the need for sexual health education programs in and outside of schools that include sexual assertiveness-building skills. This would improve young womens sexual assertiveness, giving them control over their sexual activity.
For more information: Vaughn L. Rickert et al, Is Lack of Sexual Assertiveness Among Adolescent and Young Adult Women a Cause for Concern?, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 2002, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 178-83.