June 10, 2003
CMV can be spread through bodily fluids such as urine, saliva, blood, tears, semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk. CMV is spread from person to person and has been known to spread in households with children or in daycare centers.
CMV in the immuno-compromised person can cause serious disease. It has been a major cause of death among people living with HIV/AIDS. Pneumonia Retinitis (infection in the eyes) and gastrointestinal disease are the most common problems associated with CMV. CMV can also cause blindness. So, for those of us living with HIV and AIDS we should be particularly careful to avoid contact with an infected individual as much as possible.
Wash your hands often. Since CMV is spread from person to person, using condoms would protect you from sexual transmission. It's also a good idea to talk to your doctor if you are going to be receiving a blood transfusion because they don't check the blood for CMV. If you work in a daycare center you need to be extra cautious.
CMV infections are rarely diagnosed because the virus produces few, if any symptoms. As with HIV, the body develops antibodies to the virus and there are a number of lab tests that can detect the antibodies. Also the virus can be cultured from urine, throat swabs, and tissue samples. Some of the most common symptoms are symptoms that would occur if you had mononucleosis or hepatitis. If a person tests negative for mono or hepatitis then a costly CMV test should be done.