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HIV Testing Among Populations at Risk for HIV Infection -- Nine States, November 1995 - December 1996

Table 2

December 25, 1998

TABLE 2. Frequency of concern about having one's name reported to the government as a factor for not testing for HIV infection, by state HIV reporting policy -- HIV Testing Survey,* December 1995-November 1996

  Named Non-named+  
Characteristics No. (%) No. (%) p value&
Men who have sex with men 107 44      
A factor 38 (35) 5 (11) <
Main factor 3 (3) 3 (7) 0.4
Heterosexual 177 92      
A factor 22 (13) 14 (15) 0.5
Main factor 3 (2) 1 (1) 1
Injecting-drug user 66 70      
A factor 14 (21) 10 (14) 0.3
Total@ 350 206      
A factor 74 (21) 29 (14) 0.05
Main factor 8 (2) 4 (2) 1

* Name-based HIV case surveillance was conducted in Arizona, Colorado, Mississippi, Missouri, and North Carolina (patient names are not reported to CDC); unique identifier (UI)-based HIV case surveillance was conducted in Maryland and Texas; neither name-based nor UI-based HIV case surveillance was conducted in New Mexico and Oregon during the study period.

+ UI-based reporting was implemented during the year preceding the study in Maryland and Texas; 67% of tested respondents in these states had been tested at least once before this policy change. Because of the state reporting policy changes and to avoid small cell sizes in the analysis restricted to the minority of respondents who had never been tested, UI-based reporting and nonreporting states were combined in the non-named reporting category.

& -- Fisher's exact test.

@ -- The totals are based on unweighted data from all participants included in this analysis; data do not represent the general population or a weighted average of populations at increased risk for HIV infection.

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This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.