October 20, 2006
The U.S. blood supply is among the safest in the world. Nearly all people infected with HIV through blood transfusions received those transfusions before 1985, the year HIV testing began for all donated blood.
The Public Health Service has recommended an approach to blood safety in the United States that includes stringent donor selection practices and the use of screening tests. U.S. blood donations have been screened for antibodies to HIV-1 since March 1985 and HIV-2 since June 1992. The p24 Antigen test was added in 1996. Blood and blood products that test positive for HIV are safely discarded and are not used for transfusions.
|Tests Performed on Each Unit of Donated Blood* (Source: American Red Cross)|
HIV/AIDS HIV- I Antibody test
HIV-1/2 Antibody test
HIV-I p24 Antigen test
HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C
Nucleic Acid Test (NAT)
Hepatitis C Anti-HCV
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen test
Hepatitis B Core Antibody
Syphilis Serologic test
Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus (HTLV)
HTLV -I/II Antibody
The improvement of processing methods for blood products also has reduced the number of infections resulting from the use of these products.
Currently, the risk of infection with HIV in the United States through receiving a blood transfusion or blood products is extremely low and has become progressively lower, even in geographic areas with high HIV prevalence rates.