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FDA-Approved Antiretrovirals for the Treatment of HIV

Spring 2001

The fifteen anti-HIV drugs that are now available all go by at least two names -- a brand name (sort of like Coca-Cola®), and a generic name or names. Add to that pills like Combivir and Trizivir that combine medications, and it can be pretty confusing. The following medications are organized by class and listed by brand name first, followed by their generic names in parentheses.

Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTIs)

(also called nucleoside analogues or nukes)
  • Ziagen (abacavir)

  • Videx (didanosine, ddI)

  • Epivir (lamivudine, 3TC)


  • Zerit (stavudine, d4T)

  • Hivid (zalcitabine, ddC)

  • Retrovir (zidovudine, AZT)

  • Combivir (AZT + 3TC combined in one pill)

  • Trizivir (AZT, 3TC + Ziagen combined in one pill)

Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs)

(sometimes called non-nucleosides or non-nukes)
  • Rescriptor (delavirdine)

  • Sustiva (efavirenz)

  • Viramune (nevirapine)

Protease Inhibitors (PIs)

  • Agenerase (amprenavir)

  • Crixivan (indinavir)

  • Fortovase (saquinavir)

  • Kaletra (lopinavir/ritonavir)

  • Norvir (ritonavir)

  • Viracept (nelfinavir)

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This article was provided by AIDS Community Research Initiative of America. It is a part of the publication CRIA Update. Visit ACRIA's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.