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FDA-Approved Antiretrovirals for the Treatment of HIV

Winter 2002/2003

Each of the anti-HIV drugs that are now available go by at least two names -- a brand name (sort of like Coca-Cola®) and a generic/chemical name or names. Add to that pills like Combivir and Trizivir that combine medications, and it can be pretty confusing. The following medications are organized by class and listed by brand name first, followed by their generic names in parentheses.

Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (RTIs)

Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTIs) (also called nucleoside analogs or nukes)
  • Ziagen (abacavir)
  • Videx (didanosine, ddI)
  • Epivir (lamivudine, 3TC)
  • Zerit (stavudine, d4T)
  • Hivid (zalcitabine, ddC)
  • Retrovir (zidovudine, AZT)

  • Combivir (AZT + 3TC combined in one pill)
  • Trizivir (AZT, 3TC + Ziagen combined in one pill)

Nucelotide Analog

  • Viread (tenofovir)
Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs) (sometimes called non-nucleosides or non-nukes)
  • Rescriptor (delavirdine)
  • Sustiva (efavirenz)
  • Viramune (nevirapine)

Protease Inhibitors (PIs)

  • Agenerase (amprenavir)
  • Crixivan (indinavir)
  • Kaletra (lopinavir/ritonavir)
  • Viracept (nelfinavir)
  • Norvir (ritonavir)
  • Fortovase (saquinavir)


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This article was provided by AIDS Community Research Initiative of America. It is a part of the publication ACRIA Update. Visit ACRIA's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.