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HEPPigram: Evaluation of Diarrhea in Patients With HIV

April 2004

A note from TheBody.com: Since this article was written, the HIV pandemic has changed, as has our understanding of HIV/AIDS and its treatment. As a result, parts of this article may be outdated. Please keep this in mind, and be sure to visit other parts of our site for more recent information!

Diarrhea is defined as loose, watery stools occurring more than three times in one day. The average adult has a bout of diarrhea four times per year. It is a common problem that usually lasts a day or two and goes away on its own without any special treatment. Prolonged diarrhea can be due to a variety of pathogens as outlined in the HEPPigram below.

Keep in mind that patients may use the word diarrhea to describe anything from an upset stomach, to occasional watery stools, to frequent voluminous bowel movements. Sometimes, patients may require observation to allow objective documentation of symptoms. Reliably obtaining stool specimens in the correctional setting can be challenging and may require a brief stay in the infirmary.


HEPPigram: Evaluation of Diarrhea in Patients With HIV

Click image to enlarge.


Joseph Bick, M.D., is Chief Medical Officer at the California Medical Facility, California Department of Corrections.

A note from TheBody.com: Since this article was written, the HIV pandemic has changed, as has our understanding of HIV/AIDS and its treatment. As a result, parts of this article may be outdated. Please keep this in mind, and be sure to visit other parts of our site for more recent information!



  
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This article was provided by Brown Medical School. It is a part of the publication HEPP Report.
 
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