Advertisement
The Body: The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource
Follow Us Follow Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter Download Our App
Professionals >> Visit The Body PROThe Body en Espanol
  Breaking News: FDA Approves Triumeq, New Once-Daily Combination Pill
  
  • Email Email
  • Printable Single-Page Print-Friendly
  • Glossary Glossary

The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Promote Sexual Health and Responsible Sexual Behavior

July 9, 2001

References

  1. Abraham M. (1999). Sexual abuse in south Asian immigrant marriages. Violence Against Women, 5:591-618.

  2. Acton G. (1992). Comprehensive sexuality policy, procedures and standards. In: Crocker A, Cohen H, Kastner T. [Eds.] HIV infection and developmental disability. Baltimore: Paul Crooks Publishers, 133-139.

  3. Allen J.P. et al. (1997). Preventing teen pregnancy and academic failure: experimental evaluation of a developmentally based approach. Child Development, 64:729-742.

  4. Amaro H. et al. (2001). Cultural influences on women's sexual health. In: DiClemente R.J., Wingood G.M., editors. Women's sexual and reproductive health. New York: Plenum, 2001.

    Advertisement

  5. Amaro H., Raj A. (2000). On the margin: power and women's HIV risk reduction strategies. Sex Roles, 42:723-750.

  6. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Position statement on therapies focused on attempts to change sexual orientation (reparative or conversion therapies). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

  7. Arnold C.B., Cogswell B.E. (1971). A condom distribution program for adolescents: the findings of a feasibility study. American Journal of Public Health, 61:739-750.

  8. Bancroft J. (1987). A physiological approach. In: Geer J.H., O'Donahue W.T., editors. Theories of human sexuality. New York: Plenum.

  9. Bell A.P. et al. (1981) Sexual preference: its development in men and women. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

  10. Berrill K.T. (1992). Anti-gay violence and victimization in the United States: an overview. In: Herek G.M., Berrill K.T., editors. Hate crimes: confronting violence against lesbians and gay men. Newbury Park, C.A.: Sage, 19-45.

  11. Billy J.O.G., Moore D.E. (1992) A multilevel analysis of marital and nonmarital fertility in the U.S. Social Forces, 70:977-1011.

  12. Billy J.O.G. et al. (1994). (1994) Contextual effects on the sexual behavior of adolescent women. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56:387-404.

  13. Bowleg L. et al. (2000). Gender roles, power strategies, and precautionary sexual self-efficacy: implications for Black and Latina women's HIV/AIDS protective behaviors. Sex Roles, 42:613-636.

  14. Boyer C.B. et al. (1997). Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and HIV risk in heterosexual adults attending a public STD clinic: evaluation of a randomized controlled behavioral risk-reduction intervention trial. AIDS, 11:359-367.

  15. Brewster K.L. et al. (1993). Social context and adolescent behavior: the impact of community on the transition to sexual activity. Social Forces, 71:713-740.

  16. Brewster K.L., et al. (1998). The changing impact of religion on the sexual and contraceptive behavior of adolescent women in the United States. Journal of Marriage and the Family , 60:493-504.

  17. Browning C.R., Laumann E.O. (1997). Sexual contact between children and adults: a life course perspective. American Sociological Review, 62:540-560.

  18. Castaneda D. (2000). The close relationship context and HIV/AIDS risk reduction among Mexican Americans. Sex Roles, 42:551-580.

  19. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1999a). Prevention of Genital HPV infection and Sequelae: Report of an External Consultant's Meeting. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

  20. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1999b). CDC surveillance summaries. MMWR, 48(No. SS-4).

  21. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1999c). CDC HIV/AIDS prevention research project compendium of HIV prevention interventions with evidence of effectiveness. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

  22. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2000a). A glance at the HIV epidemic. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

  23. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2000b). HIV/AIDS surveillance report, mid-year edition, 12 (No. 1).

  24. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2001a). Surveillance supplemental report, 7(No.1).

  25. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2001b). HIV/AIDS-United States, 1981-2000. MMWR, 50(No. RR-9).

  26. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2001c). HIV incidence among young men who have sex with men: Baltimore, Dallas, Los Angeles, Miami, New York City, San Francisco, and Seattle, 1994-2000. MMWR, 50(No. RR-9).

  27. Christopher F.S., Roosa M.W. (1990) An evaluation of an adolescent pregnancy prevention program: is "just say no" enough? Family Relations, 39:68-72.

  28. Clark L.R. et al. (1998) Effect of HIV counseling and testing on sexually transmitted diseases and condom use in an urban adolescent population. Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine, 152:269-273.

  29. Cohen D.A. et al. (1991) Condom skills education and sexually transmitted disease reinfection. Journal of Sex Research, 28:139-144.

  30. Cohen D.A. et al. (1992) Condoms for men, not women: results of brief promotion programs. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 19:245-251.

  31. Coker A.L., Hall P. et al. (2000) Frequency and correlates of intimate partner violence by type: physical, sexual and psychological battering. American Journal of Public Health, 90:553-559.

  32. Comas-Diaz L. (1987) Feminist therapy with mainland Puerto Rican women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 11:461-474.

  33. Cope K.M., Kunkel D. (in press) Sexual messages in teens' favorite prime-time TV programs. In: Brown JD et al., editors. Sexual teens, sexual media. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

  34. Coyle K.K. et al. (1999) Short-term impact of Safer Choices: a multi-component school-based HIV, other STD and pregnancy prevention program. Journal of School Health, 69(5):181-188.

  35. Croft C.A., Asmussen L. (1993) A developmental approach to sexuality education: implications for medical practice. Journal of Adolescent Health, 14:109-114.

  36. Darroch J.E. et al. (1999) Age differences between sexual partners in the United States. Family Planning Perspectives, 31(4):160-167.

  37. Dunn M.E., Alarie P. (1997) Trends in sexuality education in United States and Canadian medical schools. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 9:175-184.

  38. DuRant R. et al. (1997) Tobacco and alcohol use behaviors portrayed in music videos: a content analysis. American Journal of Public Health, 87:1131-1135.

  39. DuRant R.H., Sanders J.M. (1989) Sexual behavior and contraceptive risk taking among sexually active adolescent females. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 10:1-9.

  40. East P.L. (1996) Do adolescent pregnancy and childbearing affect younger siblings? Family Planning Perspectives, 28(4):148-153.

  41. Finkelhor D. et al. (2000) Online victimization: a report on the nation's youth. Washington, DC: National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.

  42. Fleming D.T. et al. (1997) Herpes simplex virus type 2 in the United States 1979 to 1994. New England Journal of Medicine, 337:1105-1111.

  43. Forrest J.D., Frost J.J. (1996) The family planning attitudes and experiences of low-income women. Family Planning Perspectives, 28:246-255.

  44. Forrest J.D., Samara R. (1996) Impact of publicly funded contraceptive services on unintended pregnancies and implications for Medicaid expenditures. Family Planning Perspectives , 28:188-195.

  45. Frost J., Bolzan M. (1997) The provision of public sector services by family planning agencies in 1995. Family Planning Perspectives, 29:6-14.

  46. Gonsiorek J.C. (1982) The use of diagnostic concepts in working with gay and lesbian populations. In: Gonsiorek J.C, editor. Homosexuality and psychotherapy: a practitioner's handbook of affirmative models. New York: Haworth.

  47. Grady W.R., Klepinger D.H., Nelson-Wally A. (1998) Contraceptive characteristics: the perceptions and priorities of men and women. Family Planning Perspectives, 31(4):168-175.

  48. Grady W.R., Billy J.O.G., Klepinger D.H. (1993) The influence of community characteristics on the practice of effective contraception. Family Planning Perspectives, 25(1):4-11.

  49. Greenberg B.S. et al. (1993) Sex content in R-rated films viewed by adolescents. In: Greenberg B.S. et al., editors. Media, sex and the adolescent. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.

  50. Greene B. (1997) Ethnic minority lesbian and gay men: mental health and treatment issues. In: Greene B, editor. Ethnic and cultural diversity among lesbian and gay men. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

  51. Grosskurth H. et al. (1995) Impact of improved treatment of STDs on HIV infection in rural Tanzania: randomized control trial. Lancet, 346:530-536.

  52. Guttmacher S. et al. (1995) Parents' attitudes and beliefs about HIV/AIDS prevention with condom availability in New York public high schools. Journal of School Health, 65:101-106.

  53. Haldeman, D.C. (1994) The practice and ethics of sexual orientation conversion therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62:221-227.

  54. Hawkins J.D. et al. (1999) Preventing adolescent health-risk behaviors by strengthening protection during childhood. Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine, 153:226-234.

  55. He H. et al. (1998) Violence and HIV sexual risk behaviors among female sex partners of male drug users. Women and Health, 27:161-175.

  56. Herek G.M. (1993) The context of antigay violence: notes on cultural and psychological heterosexism. In: Garnets L.D., Kimmel D.C., editors. Psychological perspectives on lesbian and gay male experiences. New York: Columbia University Press.

  57. Hiatt R.A. et al. 1996) Pathways to early cancer detection in the multiethnic population of the San Francisco Bay Area. Health Education Quarterly, 23(Suppl):S10-S27.

  58. Hillis S.D. et al. (1995) The impact of a comprehensive chlamydia prevention program in Wisconsin. Family Planning Perspectives, 27:108-111.

  59. Hingsburger D., Harber M. (1998) The ethics of touch: establishing and maintaining boundaries in service to people with developmental disabilities. Eastman, Quebec: Diverse City Press, Inc.

  60. Hogan D.P., Kitagawa E.M. (1985) The impact of social status, family structure and neighborhood on the fertility of black adolescents. American Journal of Sociology, 90:825-855.

  61. Holden G.W. et al. (1993) Cognitive, psychosocial and reported sexual behavior differences between pregnant and nonpregnant adolescents. Adolescence, 28:557-572.

  62. Hubbard B.M. et al. (1998) A replication of Reducing the Risk, a theory-based sexuality curriculum for adolescents. Journal of School Health, 68(6):243-247.

  63. Institute of Medicine. (1995) The best intentions: unintended pregnancy and the well-being of children and families. Brown SS and Eisenberg L., editors. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

  64. Institute of Medicine. (1997) The hidden epidemic: confronting sexually transmitted diseases. Eng T.R., Butler W.T., editors. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

  65. Institute of Medicine (2000) No time to lose: getting more from HIV prevention. Ruiz, M.S. et al. editors. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

  66. Jaccard J., et al. (1996) Maternal correlates of adolescent sexual and contraceptive behavior. Family Planning Perspectives, 28:159-165.

  67. Jemmott J.B. et al. (1992) Reductions in HIV risk-associated sexual behaviors among black male adolescents: effects of an AIDS prevention intervention. American Journal of Public Health, 82(3):372-377.

  68. Jemmott J.B. et al. (1998) Abstinence and safer sex: a randomized trial of HIV sexual risk-reduction interventions for young African-American adolescents. Journal of the American Medical Association, 279(19):1529-1536.

  69. Kamb M.L. et al. (1998) Efficacy of risk-reduction counseling to prevent human immunodeficiency virus and sexually transmitted diseases: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280:1161-1167.

  70. Kegeles S.M. et al. (1996) The Mpowerment Project: a community-level HIV intervention for young gay men. American Journal of Public Health, 86:1129-1136.

  71. Kelly J.A. et al. (1991) HIV risk behavior reduction following intervention with key opinion leaders of a population: an experimental community-level analysis. American Journal of Public Health, 81:168-171.

  72. Kelly J.A. et al. (1997) Randomized, controlled community-level HIV prevention intervention for sexual-risk behavior among homosexual men in U.S. cities. Lancet, 350:1500-1505.

  73. Kirby D. et al. (1991) Reducing the risk: Impact of a new curriculum on sexual risk-taking. Family Planning Perspectives, 23(6):253-263.

  74. Kirby D. et al. (1997) The impact of the postponing sexual involvement curriculum among youths in California. Family Planning Perspectives, 29(3):100-108.

  75. Kirby D. (1999) Reducing adolescent pregnancy: Approaches that work. Contemporary Pediatrics, 16:83-94.

  76. Kirby D. (2001) Emerging answers: research findings on program to reduce teen pregnancy. Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.

  77. Kirby D., Brown N.L. (1996) Condom availability programs in U.S. schools. Family Planning Perspectives, 28:196-202.

  78. Koss M.P., Dinero T.E. et al. (1988) Stranger and acquaintance rape: are there differences in the victim's experience? Psychology of Women Quarterly, 12:1-24.

  79. Ku L. et al. (1993) Factors influencing first intercourse for teenage men. Public Health Reports, 108(6):680-694.

  80. Kulig J.C. (1994) Sexuality beliefs among Cambodians: implications for health care professionals. Health Care for Women International, 15:69-76.

  81. Laumann E.O. et al. (1994) The social organization of sexuality: sexual practices in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  82. Levesque R.J.R. (1998) Emotional maltreatment in adolescents' everyday lives: furthering sociolegal reforms and social service provisions. Behavior Sciences and the Law, 16:237-263.

  83. Levesque R.J.R. (2000) Adolescents, sex, and the law: preparing adolescents for responsible citizenship. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association..

  84. Magura S. et al. (1994) Outcomes of intensive AIDS education for male adolescent drug users in jail. Journal of Adolescent Health, 15: 457-463.

  85. Main D.S. et al. (1994) Preventing HIV infection among adolescents: evaluation of a school-based education program. Preventive Medicine, 23:409-417.

  86. Manlove J. (1998) The influence of high school dropout and school disengagement on the risk of school-age pregnancy. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 8:187-220.

  87. Mansfield C.J. et al. (1993) A pilot study of AIDS education and counseling of high-risk adolescents in an office setting. Journal of Adolescent Health, 14:115-119.

  88. Mauldon J., Luker K. (1996) The effects of contraceptive education on method use at first intercourse. Family Planning Perspectives, 28:19-24.

  89. Melchior A. (1998) National evaluation of Learn and Serve American School and Community-Based Programs. Waltham, MA: Center for Human Resources, Brandeis University.

  90. Miller B.C. (1998) Families matter: a research synthesis of family influences on adolescent pregnancy. Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.

  91. Moore K.A. et al. (1998) Nonmarital school-age motherhood: family, individual, and school characteristics. Journal of Adolescent Research, 13:433-457.

  92. Olsen R.J., Farkas G. (1990) The effects of economic opportunity and family background on adolescent cohabitation and childbearing among low-income blacks. Journal of Labor Economics, 8:341-362.

  93. Remafedi G. et al. (1998) The relationship between suicide risk and sexual orientation: results of a population-based study. American Journal of Public Health, 88(1):57-60.

  94. Resnick M.D. et al. (1997) Protecting adolescents from harm: findings from the National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health. Journal of the American Medical Association, 278:823-832.

  95. Roosa M.W. et al. (1997) The relationship of childhood sexual abuse to teenage pregnancy. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 59:119-130.

  96. Ross M.W. (1985) Actual and anticipated societal reaction to homosexuality and adjustment in two societies. Journal of Sex Research, 21(1):40-55.

  97. Ross M.W. (1990) The relationship between life events and mental health in homosexual men. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 46:402-411.

  98. Rotheram-Borus M.J. et al. (1991) Reducing HIV sexual risk behaviors among runaway adolescents. Journal of the American Medical Association, 266(9):1237-1241.

  99. Savage O.M.N., Tchombe T.M. (1994) Anthropological perspectives on sexual behavior in Africa. Annual Review of Sex Research, 5:50-72.

  100. Scholes D. et al. (1996) Prevention of pelvic inflammatory disease by screening for cervical chlamydia infection. New England Journal of Medicine, 334(21):1362-1366.

  101. Schover L., Jensen S. (1988) Sexuality and chronic illness: a comprehensive approach. New York: Guilford Press.

  102. Schuster M.A. et al. (1996) The sexual practices of adolescent virgins: genital sexual activities of high school students who have never had vaginal intercourse. American Journal of Public Health, 86:1570-1576.

  103. Sciarra J.J. (1991) Infertility: a global perspective on the role of infection. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 626: 478-483.

  104. Shain R.N. et al. (1999) A randomized, controlled trial of a behavioral intervention to prevent sexually transmitted diseases among minority women. New England Journal of Medicine, 340:93.

  105. Sipski M., Alexander C. (1997) Sexual function in people with disability and chronic illness: a health professional's guide. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Press.

  106. Smith T. (2000) Data from the general social survey. National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago.

  107. St. Lawrence J.S. et al. (1995) Cognitive-behavioral intervention to reduce African American adolescents' risk for HIV infection. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63(2):221-237.

  108. St. Pierre T.L. et al. (1995) A 27-month evaluation of a sexual activity prevention program in Boys & Girls Clubs across the nation. Family Relations, 44:69-77.

  109. Sudarkasa N. (1997) African American families and family values. In: McAdoo H.P., editor. Black families, 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

  110. Sutton M.J. et al. (in press) Shaking the tree of knowledge for forbidden fruit: where adolescents learn about sexuality and contraception. In: Brown JD et al., editors. Sexual teens, sexual media. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

  111. Tafoya T. (1989) Pulling coyote's tale: Native American sexuality and AIDS. In: Mays VM et al., editors. Primary prevention of AIDS: psychological approaches. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

  112. Tanfer K., Billy J.O.G., Payn B. (1999) A social behavioral model of STD acquisition among men. Final report to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Grant No. 1 R01 A134360-01.

  113. Tang T.S. et al. (1999) The role of cultural variables in breast self-examination and cervical cancer screening behavior in young Asian women living in the United States. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 22:419-436.

  114. Thomas S.B., Quinn S.C. (1991) The Tuskegee Syphilis Study, 1932 to 1972: implications for HIV education and AIDS risk education programs in the Black community. American Journal of Public Health, 81:1498-1505.

  115. Tiongson A.T. (1997) Throwing the baby out with the bathwater: situating young Filipino mothers and fathers beyond the dominant discourse on adolescent pregnancy. In: Root MPP, editor. Filipino Americans: transformation and identity. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

  116. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000a) Child maltreatment 1998: Reports from the States to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

  117. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000b) Tracking Healthy People 2010. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

  118. Upchurch D.M. et al. (1999) Neighborhood and family contexts of adolescent sexual activity. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61:920-933.

  119. Ventura S.J. et al. (2000) Trends in pregnancies and pregnancy rates by outcome: estimates for the United States, 1976-96. National Center for Health Statistics, Vital Health Statistics, 21(56).

  120. Walter H.J., Vaughn R.D. (1993) AIDS risk reduction among a multi-ethnic sample of urban high school students. Journal of the American Medical Association, 270(6):725-730.

  121. Wenger N.S. et al. (1992) Effect of HIV antibody testing and AIDS education on communication about HIV risk and sexual behavior: a randomized, controlled trial in college students. Annals of Internal Medicine, 117:905-911.

  122. Werner-Wilson R.J. (1998) Gender differences in adolescent sexual attitudes: the influence of individual and family factors. Adolescence, 33:519-531.

  123. Westoff C. et al. (1996) Family planning and mass media efforts. Chapel Hill, NC: The Evaluation Project.

  124. Widmer E.D. (1997) Influence of older siblings on initiation of sexual intercourse. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 59:928-938.

  125. Wolk L.I., Rosenbaum R. (1995) The benefits of school-based condom availability: cross-sectional analysis of a comprehensive high school-based program. Journal of Adolescent Health, 17:184-188.

  126. Wyatt G.E. (1997) Stolen women: reclaiming our sexuality, taking back our lives. New York: Wiley.





  
  • Email Email
  • Printable Single-Page Print-Friendly
  • Glossary Glossary

This article was provided by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
 

Tools
 

Advertisement