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Fact Sheet
HIV/AIDS Among Minority Women

December 2005

HIV/AIDS and Minority Women
Today there are an estimated 1.039 million to 1.185 million HIV-positive individuals living in the United States?the largest number ever according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Of these, between 252,000?315,000 people do not know they are infected, and thus are suffering from a lack of treatment, while at the same time may be unknowingly spreading the virus.1 About 225,000 who do know their status are not getting the care they need. These numbers will continue to grow unless everyone takes decisive action against the disease.2

HIV/AIDS is taking a devastating and disproportionate toll on people of color in the United States. Community leaders and organizations can play a critical role in fighting the disease in their neighborhoods, and The Leadership Campaign on AIDS (TLCA) is dedicated to helping them do it.

TLCA: Fighting HIV/AIDS in Communities of Color!

Within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Office of HIV/AIDS Policy's The Leadership Campaign on AIDS (TLCA) is working externally and internally to support the fight against HIV/AIDS in communities of color. TLCA reaches out to community leaders and local and national organizations to improve education, awareness, and action against the disease. TLCA wants to help minority leaders fight the stigma, fear, and denial that exacerbate the problem, and to help build partnership that will promote education, prevention, testing, vaccine awareness, and treatment. TLCA also reaches internally to help improve the coordination, information-sharing, communication efforts, and effectiveness of the Department's HIV/AIDS initiatives and programs.

Know the Facts and Educate, Motivate, and Mobilize Against HIV/AIDS!

Did You Know?

What Can You Do?

To Learn More

* In the 35 areas with longstanding HIV reporting

The terms "African American" and "Black" are used interchangeably to include those individuals who self-identify as either. The term "Hispanic" includes those individuals who self-identify as "Latino/a" or "Hispanic."


  1. Glynn M., Rhodes P. Estimated HIV prevalence in the United States at the end of 2003. National HIV Prevention Conference; June 2005; Atlanta. Abstract 595.
  2. Fleming, P.L., et al., "HIV Prevalence in the United States, 2000," 9th Annual Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, Feb. 24-8, 2002, Seattle, WA, Abstract 11.
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 2004, Vol. 16. Available at:
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, January 1991.
  5. National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 53, No. 17, March 2005.
  6. U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 2004. Available at, Accessed Nov. 2005.

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