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Fact Sheet
HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands

December 2005

HIV/AIDS and The Caribbean, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands
Today there are an estimated 1.039 million to 1.185 million HIV-positive individuals living in the United States -- the largest number ever according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Of these, between 252,000-315,000 people do not know they are infected, and thus are suffering from a lack of treatment, while at the same time may be unknowingly spreading the virus.1 About 225,000 who do know their status are not getting the care they need. These numbers will continue to grow unless everyone takes decisive action against the disease.2

HIV/AIDS infection rates in the Caribbean are among the highest in the world, second only to those of sub-Saharan Africa. Know the facts, and join us in the fight against HIV/AIDS!

TLCA: Fighting HIV/AIDS in Communities of Color!

Within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Office of HIV/AIDS Policy’s The Leadership Campaign on AIDS (TLCA) is working externally and internally to support the fight against HIV/AIDS in communities of color. TLCA reaches out to community leaders and local and national organizations to improve education, awareness, and action against the disease. TLCA wants to help minority leaders fight the stigma, fear, and denial that exacerbate the problem, and to help build partnership that will promote education, prevention, testing, vaccine awareness, and treatment. TLCA also reaches internally to help improve the coordination, information-sharing, communication efforts, and effectiveness of the Department's HIV/AIDS initiatives and programs.

Know the Facts and Educate, Motivate, and Mobilize Against HIV/AIDS!


U.S. Virgin Islands

Puerto Rico

Major Initiatives

The Administration is supporting HIV/AIDS relief in the Caribbean through three major initiatives:

Did You Know?

What Can You Do?

To Learn More

* In the 35 areas with longstanding HIV reporting

† The Caribbean includes islands in the Caribbean Sea and the mainland countries of Belize, Guyana, and Suriname.


  1. Glynn M., Rhodes P. Estimated HIV prevalence in the United States at the end of 2003. National HIV Prevention Conference; June 2005; Atlanta. Abstract 595.

  2. Fleming, P.L., et al., "HIV Prevalence in the United States, 2000," 9th Annual Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, Feb. 24-8, 2002, Seattle, WA, Abstract 11.

  3. UNAIDS, AIDS Epidemic Update, Dec. 2004.

  4. Center for Disease Control and Prevention, HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 2004, Vol. 16. Available at:

  5. White House press release, Fact Sheet: Extending and Improving the Lives of Those Living With HIV/AIDS, June 2004.

  6. White House press release, President Promotes New Mother and Child HIV Prevention Initiative, June 2002.

  7. U.S. Census Bureau, American Comm. Survey 2004. Available at, accessed Nov. 2005.

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