Print this page    •   Back to Web version of article

Fact Sheet
HIV/AIDS Among Asian/Pacific Islanders

December 2005

HIV/AIDS and Asian/Pacific Islanders
Today there are an estimated 1.039 million to 1.185 million HIV-positive individuals living in the United States -- the largest number ever according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Of these, between 252,000-315,000 people do not know they are infected, and thus are suffering from a lack of treatment, while at the same time may be unknowingly spreading the virus.1 About 225,000 who do know their status are not getting the care they need. These numbers will continue to grow unless everyone takes decisive action against the disease.2

HIV/AIDS is taking a devastating and disproportionate toll on people of color in the United States. Community leaders and organizations can play a critical role in fighting the disease in their neighborhoods, and The Leadership Campaign on AIDS (TLCA) is dedicated to helping them do it.

TLCA: Fighting HIV/AIDS in Communities of Color!

Within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Office of HIV/AIDS Policy's The Leadership Campaign on AIDS (TLCA) is working externally and internally to support the fight against HIV/AIDS in communities of color. TLCA reaches out to community leaders and local and national organizations to improve education, awareness, and action against the disease. TLCA wants to help minority leaders fight the stigma, fear, and denial that exacerbate the problem, and to help build partnership that will promote education, prevention, testing, vaccine awareness, and treatment. TLCA also reaches internally to help improve the coordination, information-sharing, communication efforts, and effectiveness of the Department's HIV/AIDS initiatives and programs.

Know the Facts and Educate, Motivate, and Mobilize Against HIV/AIDS!

Major Challenges in the Fight Against HIV/AIDS In API Communities:

Let's Take Action!

Here are some suggestions on how to fight HIV/AIDS in API communities:

What Can You Do?

To Learn More

* In the 35 areas with longstanding HIV reporting

** In the 33 states with longstanding HIV reporting

The terms (a) "Asian American" includes persons having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent; and (b) "Pacific Islander" includes the aboriginal, indigenous, native peoples of Hawai'i and other Pacific Islands within the jurisdiction of the United States, and those having origins in the Melanesian, Micronesian and Polynesian regions.


  1. Glynn M., Rhodes P. Estimated HIV prevalence in the United States at the end of 2003. National HIV Prevention Conference; June 2005; Atlanta. Abstract 595.
  2. Fleming, P.L., et al., "HIV Prevalence in the United States, 2000," 9th Annual Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, Feb. 24-8, 2002, Seattle, WA, Abstract 11.
  3. U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Brief: The Asian Population: 2000 (Feb 2002). Web site:
  4. U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Brief: The Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Population: 2000 (Dec 2001). Web site:
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 2004, Vol. 16. Available at:
  6. Hawaii Department of Health, HIV/AIDS Surveillance Semi-Annual Report (Dec. 2003).
  7. Based upon an Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum consultation with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention surveillance and epidemiology division, 2003.
  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "HIV Incidence Among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men -- Seven US Cities, 1994-2000."
  9. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Trends in HIV/AIDS Diagnoses -- 33 States, 2001-2004," MMWR, Vol. 54, No. 45, Nov. 18, 2005, pp. 1149-1153.

This article was provided by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. You can find this article online by typing this address into your Web browser:

General Disclaimer: is designed for educational purposes only and is not engaged in rendering medical advice or professional services. The information provided through should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or a disease. It is not a substitute for professional care. If you have or suspect you may have a health problem, consult your health care provider.