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Ryan White CARE Act

14 Years of the CARE Act (1990-2004)

1990 The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act is passed. There are over 150,000 reported AIDS cases in the U.S.
1991 The first CARE Act funds are awarded for Fiscal Year 1991and include 16 Title I Eligible Metropolitan Areas, State Title II grants, Title III early intervention projects, and Special Projects of National Significance (SPNS).
1992 Two more EMAs are added to the list of eligible Title I grantees.
1993 The AIDS definition is revised by CDC and 7 more EMAs become eligible as Title I EMAs, increasing the total to 25.
1994 HRSA releases its program advisory outlining specific steps for implementing Public Health Service (PHS) recommendations for offering AZT (ZDV) to pregnant women with HIV.

Title IV evolves from Pediatric AIDS Demonstration Grants, which started in 1988, to funding under the CARE Act.
1997 The HIV/AIDS Dental Reimbursement Program started as AIDS dental reimbursements in 1994, are funded under the CARE Act for the first time. AETCs are funded under the CARE Act for the first time.
1998 HRSA brings all CARE Act programs under the new HIV/AIDS Bureau, consolidating activities under the same administrative structure for the first time.
1999 Three national AETC centers are funded: National Resource Center; National Evaluation Center; and National Minority AETC. Targeted Provider Education Demonstration (TPED) grants are awarded to train non-clinicians to support HIV/AIDS education and training for health and support service providers working in racial and ethnic minority communities highly impacted by HIV/AIDS.
2000 The CARE Act Amendments of 2000 reauthorize the CARE Act.
2001 HRSA's HIV/AIDS Bureau implements 2000 Amendments through programs like the new AIDS Drug Assistance Programs (ADAP) funding for areas with severe need and new Title II emerging community grants.
2002 International AIDS Education and Training Center (AETC) funded, creating a new link between U.S. and international HIV/AIDS care provider training.
2003 HRSA's Global HIV/AIDS Program started.

Clinical Guide on Supportive and Palliative Care for People with HIV/AIDS produced.

2004 Institute of Medicine report, Public Financing and Delivery of HIV/AIDS Care: Securing the Legacy of Ryan White, recommends U.S. government subsidization of HIV/AIDS care for all people living with HIV with incomes below 250% of the Federal poverty level.

Institute of Medicine report, Measuring What Matters, recommends continued use of AIDS data for allocating CARE Act dollars until HIV surveillance systems have further evolved.

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See Also
More Policy Positions on the 2005 Reauthorization of the Ryan White CARE Act