Nearly 75% of HIV-Positive Homeless in San Francisco Have Hepatitis C Coinfection, Study Says
April 5, 2004
Approximately 74% of HIV-positive homeless or "marginally housed" people in San Francisco also have hepatitis C, according to study published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, the San Francisco Chronicle reports. Researchers from the University of California-San Francisco and San Francisco General Hospital tested and interviewed 249 HIV-positive people recruited from shelters, soup kitchens and single-room occupancy hotels. All participants qualified for free treatment in the city's public health system because of their HIV-positive status, according to the Chronicle. Researchers found that 69% of the participants originally tested positive for hepatitis C, and after three years of follow-up, 74% had hepatitis C coinfection. Researchers found that only 4% of participants with hepatitis C were receiving treatment for the disease. Although the study did not intend to determine how many HIV-positive participants with hepatitis C coinfection "actually needed treatment," researchers said that the number is "surely much higher than what was found" in the study, the Chronicle reports. Dr. Christopher Hall, lead author of the study and an infectious diseases fellow at UCSF, said, "There is a profound lack of treatment. That's the big surprise. Had we looked at a population that was out of the health care loop, that lack of treatment would be more intuitive." He added that the situation is "undoubtedly worse" in other U.S. cities that do not have a public health system similar to San Francisco, according to the Chronicle.
This article was provided by Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. It is a part of the publication Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report. Visit the Kaiser Family Foundation's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.