Nearly 7% of Young South African Children HIV-Positive, Study Says
May 14, 2004
Almost 7% of South African children ages two to nine are HIV-positive, according to a study released on Wednesday by the South African Human Sciences Research Council, Reuters reports (Bell, Reuters, 5/12). HSRC Executive Director Olive Shisana presented the National Household HIV Prevalence and Risk Study of South African Children -- the first national HIV prevalence study among children in South Africa -- at the Second African Conference on Social Aspects of HIV and AIDS Research in Cape Town, South Africa (Matomela, BuaNews, 5/12). The study, which was funded by the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund and the Nelson Mandela Foundation, is a further analysis of data collected for the 2002 Nelson Mandela/HSRC Study of HIV/AIDS. The study included 3,988 children and teenagers between the ages of two and 18. More than 82% of participants provided an oral fluid sample for HIV testing. Caregivers answered questionnaires for the 2,138 children between the ages of two and 11; 740 participants between the ages of 12 and 14 completed a separate children's questionnaire; and 1,110 participants between the ages of 15 and 18 completed a youth questionnaire (HSRC release, 5/12). Researchers conducted the study to determine HIV prevalence among children, determine young people's knowledge of HIV/AIDS and the methods of prevention and identify social and community risk factors that "predispose" children to HIV infection, BuaNews reports (BuaNews, 5/12).
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This article was provided by Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. It is a part of the publication Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report. Visit the Kaiser Family Foundation's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.