Healthy Living With HIV
September 6, 2018
Can My HIV or My HIV Treatment Affect My Diet and Nutrition?
Yes. People with HIV sometimes face issues that can affect their nutrition, such as:
Any of these problems can affect your body's ability to absorb the nutrients necessary to stay in good health.
No matter your HIV status, healthy eating is good for your overall health. If you are living with HIV, following a healthy diet offers several benefits:
Talk to your health care provider about your diet, and ask specific questions about what steps you should take to maintain good nutrition. He or she may refer you to a nutritionist or dietitian with whom you can talk about your nutrition needs.
Why Is Exercise Important?
Exercise offers benefits that can help you maintain good physical and mental health. Exercise can increase your strength, endurance, and fitness, and help your immune system work better to fight infections.
People with HIV can do the same types of exercise as people who do not have HIV. Take time to find a fitness routine that you enjoy. Make exercise fun, and commit to exercising regularly.
What Does Smoking Do to a Person With HIV?
Smoking increases your risk of developing lung cancer, other cancers, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, and other diseases, and of dying early. For these reasons, smoking is an important health issue for everyone, but it is a greater concern for people with HIV, who tend to smoke more than the general population.
About 1 in 5 U.S. adults smoke. Among adults with HIV, the number of people who smoke is 2 to 3 times greater. Smoking has many negative health effects on people who are living with HIV. For example, smokers with HIV are more likely than nonsmokers with HIV to:
People with HIV who smoke have a greater chance of developing a life-threating illness that leads to an AIDS diagnosis. People who smoke and live with HIV also have a shorter lifespan than people with HIV who do not smoke.
Visit betobaccofree.hhs.gov or call the Smoking Quitline: 877-44U-QUIT (877-448-7848) for more information on the many health benefits of quitting smoking. For help from your state quitline, call 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669).
[Note from TheBody: This article was created by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, who last updated it on July 23, 2018. We have cross-posted it with their permission.]
This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.
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