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Do I Need to Eat Food With My HIV Meds?

April 28, 2017

Food or no food with your meds? That is the question for individuals starting HIV treatment. To help you determine how to take your specific meds, here's a list of all the current FDA-approved HIV drugs and whether you need to take them with food or on an empty stomach. Browse through or search for your regimen below. The information for this article comes from NAM aidsmap's comprehensive drug chart, which also covers dose levels and side effects.


Single-Tablet Regimens

  • Atripla (efavirenz/tenofovir/FTC): Take on an empty stomach, preferably before bed.
  • Complera (rilpivirine/tenofovir/FTC): Take with food.
  • Odefsey (emtricitabine/rilpivirine/TAF): Take with food.
  • Genvoya (elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/TAF): Take with food.
  • Stribild (elvitegravir/cobicistat/FTC/TDF): Take with food.
  • Triumeq (abacavir/dolutegravir/lamivudine): Take with or without food.


Nucleoside/Nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTIs)

  • Ziagen (abacavir): Take with or without food.
  • Emtriva (emtricitabine, FTC): Take with or without food.
  • Epivir (lamivudine, 3TC): Take with or without food.
  • Retrovir (zidovudine, AZT): Take with or without food.
  • Viread (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, TDF): Take with food.


NRTI Fixed-Dose Combinations

  • Epzicom (abacavir/3TC, Kivexa): Take with or without food.
  • Trizivir (AZT/3TC/abacavir): Take with or without food.
  • Truvada (TDF/FTC): Best taken with food, but can be taken on an empty stomach.
  • Descovy (Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide): Take with or without food.
  • Combivir (AZT/3TC): Take with or without food.


Integrase Inhibitors

  • Tivicay (dolutegravir): Take with or without food.
  • Isentress (raltegravir): Take with or without food.


Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs)

  • Sustiva (efavirenz, Stocrin): Take on an empty stomach, preferably at bedtime.
  • Intelence (etravirine, TMC125): Take with food.
  • Viramune (nevirapine): Take with or without food.
  • Viramune (prolonged-release): Swallow whole. Take with or without food.
  • Edurant (rilpivirine): Take with a meal.


Protease Inhibitors

  • Reyataz (atazanavir): Take with food.
  • Prezista (darunavir): Take with food.
  • Prezcobix (darunavir/cobicistat): Take with food.
  • Lexiva (fosamprenavir, Telzir): Take with or without food.
  • Kaletra (lopinavir/ritonavir): Swallow whole. Take with or without food.
  • Evotaz (atazanavir/cobicistat): Take with food.


CCR5 Inhibitor

  • Selzentry (maraviroc, Celsentri): Take with or without food.


Booster Drugs

  • Tybost (cobicistat): Take with food.
  • Norvir (ritonavir): Swallow whole. Take with food to avoid nausea.

For more information on each, see our full list of HIV meds.

Warren Tong is the senior science editor for TheBody.com and TheBodyPRO.com.

Follow Warren on Twitter: @WarrenAtTheBody.

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