Basic Questions and Answers About STDs and HIV
October 14, 2015
People who have STDs are more likely to get HIV, when compared to people who do not have STDs.
Are Some STDs Associated With HIV?
Why Does Having an STD Put Me More at Risk for Getting HIV?
If you get an STD you are more likely to get HIV than someone who is STD-free. This is because the same behaviors and circumstances that may put you at risk for getting an STD can also put you at greater risk for getting HIV. In addition, having a sore or break in the skin from an STD may allow HIV to more easily enter your body.
What Activities Can Put Me at Risk for Both STDs and HIV?
What Can I Do to Prevent Getting STDs and HIV?
The only way to avoid STDs is to not have vaginal, anal, or oral sex. If you are sexually active, you can do the following things to lower your chances of getting STDs and HIV:
If I Already Have HIV, and Then I Get an STD, Does That Put My Sex Partner(s) at an Increased Risk for Getting HIV?
It can. If you already have HIV, and then get another STD, it can put your HIV-negative partners at greater risk of getting HIV from you.
Your sex partners are less likely to get HIV from you if you
The risk of getting HIV may also be reduced if your partner takes pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, after discussing this option with his or her healthcare provider and determining whether it is appropriate.
Will Treating STDs Prevent Me From Getting HIV?
No. It's not enough.
If you get treated for an STD, this will help to prevent its complications, and prevent spreading STDs to your sex partners. Treatment for an STD other than HIV does not prevent the spread of HIV.
If you are diagnosed with an STD, talk to your doctor about ways to protect yourself and your partner(s) from getting reinfected with the same STD, or getting HIV.
Where Can I Get More Information?
Sexually Transmitted Diseases -- Home Page
HIV/AIDS and STDs -- Topic Page
CDC-INFO Contact Center
CDC National Prevention Information Network (NPIN)
American Sexual Health Association (ASHA)
This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.
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