The World Health Organization (WHO) (2014) estimates that 35 million people around the world are infected with HIV and 1.1 of them live in the United States (WHO, 2014). There was a decline in Men, Women, White, Black, Hispanic/Latino, heterosexual, Intravenous Drug Users (IDUs) and most age groups, except young gay and bisexual men.
In 2006 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended that all Americans from the ages of 13 to 64 should be tested for HIV because it should be as common as having cholesterol tested. In 2000 37% of the population was tested and in 2010 that number increased to 45%. In the United States in the year 2002, 24 out of 100,000 people were diagnosed with HIV and in 2011 that number decreased to 16 out of 100,000.
According to the Washington Blade (2014) the Washington, D.C., 2014 Annual Epidemiology & Surveillance Report showed the number of newly diagnosed HIV cases in the District of Columbia decreased to 680 in 2012, a decline of 42% from the 1,180 new cases reported in 2008. Men who have sex with men (MSM) also saw a slight decrease in the D.C. area. In 2008 in the D.C. area there were 443 MSM diagnosed with HIV and in 2012 there were 313 MSM diagnosed with HIV. Heterosexuals saw a drop: In 2008 there were 335 heterosexuals diagnosed with HIV compared to 215 in the year 2012 (Washington Blade, 2014). The number of newly diagnosed HIV cases in the District of Columbia decreased to 680 in 2012, a decline of 42 percent from the 1,180 new cases reported in 2008.
And Intravenous Drug Users (IDUs) diagnosed with HIV dropped 81%, a decrease primarily and directly contributed to needle exchange programs.
Washington Blade (2014). Report shows new HIV cases in D.C. continue to decline.
World Health Organization (WHO) (2014). HIV/AIDS.