Overall HIV Diagnosis Rate Falls in U.S., but Rises for Young People
July 22, 2014
An analysis of data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National HIV Surveillance System, conducted by Anna Satcher Johnson, M.P.H., et al, and reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association to coincide with the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne, Australia, showed that the rate of HIV diagnoses in the U.S. fell by more than 30% over a decade.
Here is the good news: Estimated HIV diagnoses in the U.S. fell by 4% annually between 2002 and 2011, declining by 33.2% overall (from 24.1 per 100,000 population in 2002 to 16.1 per 100,000 in 2011) during that period. A total of 493,372 people were diagnosed with HIV in the U.S. during that time.
The researchers noted that HIV testing became much more widespread during that period, but that more testing would be expected to yield more, rather than fewer, HIV diagnoses.
And now the bad news: Between 2002 and 2011, the rate of HIV diagnoses increased by 38.4% for those under 24 years of age (from 12.5 per 100,000 population in 2002 to 17.3 per 100,000 in 2011). The study authors also cautioned that the rate at which young people are tested for HIV lags behind that of the general population.
The rate of HIV diagnoses also rose among men who have sex with men (MSM) who are over age 45 (5.3% for those 45 to 54 years old and 18.5% for those 55 years and above).
Johnson and colleagues' concluded, "Disparities in rates of HIV among young men who have sex with men present prevention challenges and warrant expanded efforts."
Barbara Jungwirth is a freelance writer and translator based in New York.
Follow Barbara on Twitter: @reliabletran.
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This article was provided by TheBody.
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