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HIV/AIDS Resource Center for African Americans
Kai Chandler Lois Crenshaw Gary Paul Wright Fortunata Kasege Keith Green Lois Bates Greg Braxton Vanessa Austin Bernard Jackson

Community-Based Program to Prevent HIV/STD Infection Among Heterosexual Black Women

April 18, 2014

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Table. Description of the Healthy Love HIV and STD Prevention Intervention

Module (Duration)



Setting the Tone (60 minutes)


Introduces facilitator, describes workshop purpose, identifies participants' expectations, and establishes ground rules

Fantasy name

Participants select sexy name for use during the remainder of intervention to demonstrate that Healthy Love will be casual and fun

Makes participants feel comfortable about discussing their sexuality and risk behavior


Decreases participants' inhibitions about discussing HIV, AIDS, and STDs

Helps participants recall and acknowledge positive and negative feelings, attitudes, and beliefs about words associated with sex and sexuality

Helps participants appreciate the societal influences that can trivialize or denigrate women's sexuality

Promotes agreement by participants to use only positive words for remainder of the intervention

The Facts (60 minutes)


Defines the acronyms HIV and AIDS, provides basic information on behaviors and circumstances that can increase a woman's risk for contracting or transmitting HIV, and discusses the relation between HIV and AIDS

STD Facts*

Provides basic information about common STDs: their names, how they are spread, symptoms, and protective actions

Elicits discussion; gives participants an opportunity to share what they know

The Look of HIV*

Dispels myth that one can visually tell if someone is living with HIV or AIDS

Describes HIV testing options and encourages testing for HIV and knowledge of serostatus

Provides information about prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the United States and among women of color

Safer Sex (120 minutes)

Risk Assessment

Participants rate their personal risk for HIV and other STDs on the basis of past and current sexual behaviors

Condom Demonstration

Demonstrates correct application of male condom to penis model and disposal of male condoms after ejaculation

Promotes discussion of how to negotiate condom use with a male partner

Condom Race

Competitive game gives participants opportunity to practice placing a condom on a penis model "under pressure" (under conditions resembling a romantic situation, with lights out and music playing)

Female Condom Demonstration

Provides basic information on the female condom as a means of preventing HIV and STDs

Demonstrates correct use of female condom with vagina model

Participants practice inserting female condom in vagina model

Oral Sex

Demonstrates use of dental dams, plastic wrap, and the oral application of a male condom to a penis model as methods for reducing HIV and STD risks

High-Low-No Risk

Participants discuss high, low, and no risk activities and demonstrate their increased knowledge of HIV transmission risk by assessing and ranking various behaviors on the basis of their associated risk levels

Gives participants opportunities to ask lingering questions and to provide feedback on the relevance and usefulness of the workshop

Abbreviations: HIV = human immunodeficiency virus; AIDS = acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; STD = sexually transmitted disease.

* Denotes components included in the HIV 101 comparison workshop during the randomized controlled trial.

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This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.

See Also
Quiz: Are You at Risk for HIV?
10 Common Fears About HIV Transmission
What Did You Expect While You Were Expecting?
HIV/AIDS Resource Center for Women
More Research on HIV Prevention for Women of Color

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