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Prevention & Epidemiology

Follow-Up Study Backs Circumcision Against HIV

September 5, 2013

A French research team reported that follow-up studies conducted in South Africa, Kenya, and Uganda have confirmed the effectiveness of male circumcision in preventing HIV transmission. In 2006, French researcher Bertran Auvert first published research indicating that foreskin removal could reduce HIV risk among men by approximately 50 percent. A subsequent male circumcision campaign ensued in sub-Saharan Africa, where 69 percent of the world's HIV infections have occurred, according to UNAIDS.

Auvert's team returned to South Africa's Orange Farm township, site of the original research, to conduct a follow-up study of more than 3,300 male volunteers. The study collected information about sexual behavior and asked the study participants to take an

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See Also
Quiz: Are You at Risk for HIV?
10 Common Fears About HIV Transmission
Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention

Reader Comments:

Comment by: Aaron Ingebrigtsen (Mesa, AZ) Sat., Sep. 14, 2013 at 8:10 pm EDT
BS study based on BS data collected from the first BS studies. Those studies have been debunked and their results refuted. Explain how circumcision protects American men, most of whom are circumcised right now, from HIV. I've looked at the data. There is no compelling evidence that circumcision status affects HIV prevalence one way other the other!!
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Comment by: Ron Low (Chicago) Sun., Sep. 8, 2013 at 11:25 am EDT
If Auvert declares no competing interests, I question why his stake in the acceptance of his own earlier work at Orange Farm does not count.

The idea that HIV is thwarted by circumcision in the real world is an extraordinary claim, warranting extraordinary proof. Most of the US men who have died of AIDS were circumcised at birth. The US has three times the HIV incidence seen in Europe where circumcision is rare. In half of African nations it is the circumcised who have markedly higher HIV incidence. Wawer/Gray showed in 2009 that cutting Ugandan men led to 50% MORE male-to-female HIV infections.

When research flies this starkly in the face of real-world facts it should be carefully and thoroughly audited before publication.
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Comment by: ForTheLesser (CA) Fri., Sep. 6, 2013 at 12:42 pm EDT
The clitoral hood and labia minora are both very rich in Langerhans cells as well... why has there still been no research on the removal of these pieces of skin?
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