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Research Roundup: "Differences in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Care and Treatment Among Subpopulations in the United States"

June 24, 2013

Early diagnosis, antiretroviral therapy, prompt linkage to care and continued access to care reduce the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and related illness and death. Noting that disparities in care and treatment for HIV exist and vary among population groups, authors analyzed data about all the people infected with HIV in the U.S., from the CDC's National HIV Surveillance System: "More than 850,000 persons with HIV did not have a suppressed viral load, including 79% of blacks, 74% of Hispanics or Latinos, and 70% of whites," the authors write. Younger adults, those under the age of 45 years, were less likely than others to be aware of their infection or have a suppressed viral load. "Increasing the percentage of young persons diagnosed and receiving continuous care is critical to addressing HIV in the United States, ... Ensuring that people stay in care and receive treatment will increase the proportion of HIV-infected individuals who achieve and maintain a suppressed viral load," they conclude. (Hall et al., JAMA Internal Medicine, 6/17)

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