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HIV Infection Among Heterosexuals at Increased Risk -- United States, 2010

March 15, 2013

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TABLE 2. Prevalence of HIV Infection Among Heterosexuals at Increased Risk* Who Did Not Report a Previous Positive HIV Test Result (n = 8,365), by Selected Characteristics -- National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System, United States, 2010

Characteristic

No. tested

HIV prevalence

No.

(%)

(95% CI)

Sex

Female

4,655

49

(1.1)

(0.8-1.4)

Male

3,710

40

(1.1)

(0.8-1.5)

Age group (yrs)

18-24

2,443

--

--

--

25-29

1,155

10

(0.9)

(0.4-1.6)

30-39

1,618

16

(1.0)

(0.6-1.6)

40-49

1,972

38

(1.9)

(1.4-2.6)

50-60

1,177

23

(2.0)

(1.2-2.9)

Race/Ethnicity

Black, non-Hispanic

5,995

75

(1.3)

(1.0-1.6)

Hispanic or Latino

1,772

12

(0.7)

(0.4-1.2)

White, non-Hispanic

187

--

--

--

Other

403

--

--

--

Highest level of education

Less than high school education

3,012

41

(1.4)

(1.0-1.8)

High school education or equivalent

4,087

34

(0.8)

(0.6-1.2)

Some college or more

1,265

14

(1.1)

(0.6-1.8)

Annual household income

$0-$9,999

5,213

65

(1.2)

(1.0-1.6)

$10,000-$19,999

2,015

20

(1.0)

(0.6-1.5)

≥$20,000

1,032

--

--

--

Employment status

Employed full time or part time

2,414

9

(0.4)

(0.2-0.7)

Unemployed

3,672

39

(1.1)

(0.8-1.4)

Disabled

837

23

(2.7)

(1.8-4.1)

Student

630

--

--

--

Other§

811

18

(2.2)

(1.3-3.5)

Region

Northeast

1,591

29

(1.8)

(1.2-2.6)

South

2,649

40

(1.5)

(1.1-2.1)

Midwest

1,453

7

(0.5)

(0.2-1.0)

West

2,229

--

--

--

Territories

443

9

(2.0)

(1.0-3.8)

Health coverage

No coverage

3,827

26

(0.7)

(0.4-1.0)

Private health insurance or HMO

615

--

(0.8)

(0.3-1.9)

Government program

3,736

57

(1.5)

(1.2-2.0)

Other coverage (includes multiple coverage)

162

--

--

--

Visited health-care provider**

Yes

5,692

64

(1.1)

(0.9-1.4)

No

2,669

25

(0.9)

(0.6-1.4)

Had an STD diagnosis††

Yes

839

9

(1.1)

(0.5-2.0)

No

7,526

80

(1.1)

(0.8-1.3)

Previous HIV test

Never tested

2,187

36

(1.6)

(1.2-2.3)

>12 months ago

3,417

37

(1.1)

(0.8-1.5)

≤12 months ago

2,736

15

(0.5)

(0.3-0.9)

Exchange sex partner in past 12 months§§

Yes

1,386

28

(2.0)

(1.4-2.9)

No

6,979

61

(0.9)

(0.7-1.1)

Crack cocaine use in past 12 months

Yes

969

25

(2.6)

(1.7-3.8)

No

7,396

64

(0.9)

(0.7-1.1)

Total

8365

89

(1.1)

(0.9-1.3)

Abbreviations: HIV= human immunodeficiency virus; CI = confidence interval; HMO = health maintenance organization; STD = sexually transmitted disease.

* Increased risk for HIV was defined as having low socioeconomic status (a household income below U.S. Department of Health and Human Services poverty guidelines [adjusted for household size] or a high school education or less). The analysis excluded persons who ever injected drugs and men who ever had sex with men.

† Data suppressed because the number or numerator was five or fewer.

§ Includes homemaker and retired.

¶ The U.S. Census regions in which the 21 metropolitan statistical areas of the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System are located. The Northeast region consists of Boston, Massachusetts; Nassau-Suffolk Counties, New York; New York, New York; Newark, New Jersey; and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The South region consists of Atlanta, Georgia; Baltimore, Maryland; Dallas, Texas; Houston, Texas; Miami, Florida; New Orleans, Louisiana; and Washington, District of Columbia. The Midwest region consists of Chicago, Illinois; Detroit, Michigan; and St. Louis, Missouri. The West region consists of Denver, Colorado; Los Angeles, California; San Diego, California; San Francisco, California; and Seattle, Washington. The Territories consists of San Juan, Puerto Rico.

** Visited a doctor, nurse, or other health-care provider in the past 12 months.

†† Participant self-reported diagnosis by a health-care provider of any STD in 12 months preceding interview.

§§ An exchange sex partner was defined as someone the participant gave things like money or drugs to in exchange for sex or someone who gave the participant things like money or drugs in exchange for sex.

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This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.
 
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