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HIV Infection Among Heterosexuals at Increased Risk -- United States, 2010

March 15, 2013

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TABLE 1. Prevalence of HIV Infection Among Heterosexuals at Increased Risk (N = 8,473),* by Selected Characteristics -- National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System, United States, 2010

Characteristic

No. tested

HIV prevalence

No.

(%)

No.

(%)

(95% CI)

Sex

Female

4,722

(55.7)

116

(2.5)

(2.0-2.9)

Male

3,751

(44.3)

81

(2.2)

(1.7-2.7)

Age group (yrs)

18-24

2,445

(28.9)

--§

--

--

25-29

1,161

(13.7)

16

(1.4)

(0.8-2.2)

30-39

1,635

(19.3)

33

(2.0)

(1.4-2.8)

40-49

2,029

(23.9)

95

(4.7)

(3.8-5.6)

50-60

1,203

(14.2)

49

(4.1)

(3.0-5.4)

Race/Ethnicity

Black, non-Hispanic

6,090

(71.9)

170

(2.8)

(2.4-3.2)

Hispanic or Latino

1,782

(21.0)

22

(1.2)

(0.8-1.9)

White, non-Hispanic

187

(2.2)

--

--

--

Other

406

(4.8)

--

--

--

Highest level of education completed

Less than high school education

3,065

(36.2)

94

(3.1)

(2.5-3.7)

High school education or equivalent

4,129

(48.7)

76

(1.8)

(1.5-2.3)

Some college or more

1,278

(15.1)

27

(2.1)

(1.4-3.1)

Annual household income

$0-$9,999

5,296

(62.5)

148

(2.8)

(2.4-3.3)

$10,000-$19,999

2,032

(24.0)

37

(1.8)

(1.3-2.5)

≥$20,000

1,040

(12.3)

12

(1.2)

(0.6-2.0)

Poverty status

Above poverty guidelines

942

(11.1)

16

(1.7)

(1.0-2.7)

At or below poverty guidelines

7,426

(87.6)

181

(2.4)

(2.1-2.8)

Employment status

Employed full time or part time

2,424

(28.6)

19

(0.8)

(0.5-1.2)

Unemployed

3,718

(43.9)

85

(2.3)

(1.8-2.8)

Disabled

881

(10.4)

67

(7.6)

(6.0-9.6)

Student

633

(7.5)

--

--

--

Other

816

(9.6)

23

(2.8)

(1.7-4.1)

Region**

Northeast

1,629

(19.2)

67

(4.1)

(3.2-5.1)

South

2,714

(32.0)

105

(3.9)

(3.2-4.7)

Midwest

1,453

(17.1)

7

(0.5)

(0.2-1.0)

West

2,234

(26.4)

9

(0.4)

(0.2-0.8)

Territories

443

(5.2)

9

(2.0)

(1.0-3.8)

Health coverage

No coverage

3,856

(45.5)

55

(1.4)

(1.1-1.9)

Private health insurance or HMO

615

(7.3)

--

--

--

Government program

3,814

(45.0)

135

(3.5)

(3.0-4.1)

Other coverage (includes multiple coverage)

163

(1.9)

--

--

--

Exchange sex partner in past 12 months††

Yes

1,410

(16.6)

52

(3.7)

(2.8-4.8)

No

7,063

(83.4)

145

(2.1)

(1.7-2.4)

Crack cocaine use in past 12 months

Yes

1,007

(11.9)

63

(6.3)

(4.8-7.9)

No

7,466

(88.1)

134

(1.8)

(1.5-2.1)

Total

8,473

(100.0)

197

(2.3)

(2.0-2.7)

Abbreviations: HIV= human immunodeficiency virus; CI = confidence interval; HMO = health maintenance organization.

* Increased risk for HIV was defined as having low socioeconomic status (a household income below U.S. Department of Health and Human Services poverty guidelines [adjusted for household size] or a high school education or less). The analysis excluded persons who ever injected drugs and men who ever had sex with men.

† Totals might not add to 100% because of missing data.

§ Data suppressed because the number or numerator was five or fewer.

¶ Includes homemaker and retired.

** The U.S. Census regions in which the 21 metropolitan statistical areas of the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System are located. The Northeast region consists of Boston, Massachusetts; Nassau-Suffolk Counties, New York; New York, New York; Newark, New Jersey; and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The South region consists of Atlanta, Georgia; Baltimore, Maryland; Dallas, Texas; Houston, Texas; Miami, Florida; New Orleans, Louisiana; and Washington, District of Columbia. The Midwest region consists of Chicago, Illinois; Detroit, Michigan; and St. Louis, Missouri. The West region consists of Denver, Colorado; Los Angeles, California; San Diego, California; San Francisco, California; and Seattle, Washington. The Territories consists of San Juan, Puerto Rico.

†† An exchange sex partner was defined as someone the participant gave things such as money or drugs to in exchange for sex or someone who gave the participant things such as money or drugs in exchange for sex.

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This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.
 
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