An Overview of Clindamycin (Cleocin)
December 5, 2016
Other Names: Cleocin HCl, Cleocin Hydrochloride, Cleocin Pediatric, Cleocin Phosphate, clindamycin HCl, clindamycin palmitate hydrochloride
What Is Clindamycin?
Clindamycin is an antibacterial prescription medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of serious infections caused by certain types of bacteria. Examples of the infections include serious respiratory tract infections, skin and soft tissue infections, infections of the female pelvis and genital tract, and others.
Certain bacterial respiratory infections (such as pneumonia) are opportunistic infections. An opportunistic infection is an infection that occurs more frequently or is more severe in people with weakened immune systems -- such as those infected with HIV -- than in people with healthy immune systems. To learn more about opportunistic infections, read the AIDSinfo What is an Opportunistic Infection? fact sheet.
Clindamycin can also be used "off-label" to prevent and treat other opportunistic infections of HIV infection. "Off-label" use refers to use of an FDA-approved medicine in a manner different from that described on the medicine label. Good medical practice and the best interests of a patient sometimes require that a medicine be used "off-label."
What HIV-Related Opportunistic Infections Is Clindamycin Used For?
The Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents, prepared by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA-HIVMA), includes recommendations on the HIV-related uses of clindamycin to:
The above list may not include all of the HIV-related uses of clindamycin recommended in the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents. Some recommended uses, such as uses in certain rare circumstances, may have been omitted.
What Should I Tell My Health Care Provider Before Taking Clindamycin?
Before taking clindamycin, tell your health care provider:
Ask your health care provider about possible side effects from clindamycin. Your health care provider will tell you what to do if you have side effects.
How Should I Take Clindamycin?
Take clindamycin according to your health care provider's instructions. Your health care provider will tell you how much clindamycin to take and when to take it. Before you start clindamycin and each time you get a refill, read any printed information that comes with your medicine.
How Should Clindamycin Be Stored?
Where Can I Find More Information About Clindamycin?
More information about clindamycin is available:
This article was provided by AIDSinfo. Visit the AIDSinfo website to find out more about their activities and publications.
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