HIV in the United States: At a Glance
July 11, 2016
In 2014, an estimated 44,073 people were diagnosed with HIV infection in the United States. The number of new HIV diagnoses fell 19% from 2005 to 2014. Because HIV testing has remained stable or increased in recent years, this decrease in diagnoses suggests a true decline in new infections. The decrease may be due to targeted HIV prevention efforts. However, progress has been uneven, and diagnoses have increased among a few groups.
Gay and bisexual men2 are the population most affected by HIV. In 2014:
Among all gay and bisexual men, trends have varied by race and over time. From 2005 to 2014:
Heterosexuals and people who inject drugs also continue to be affected by HIV. In 2014:
From 2005 to 2014:
African Americans continue to experience the greatest burden of HIV compared to other races and ethnicities. Hispanics/Latinos are also disproportionately affected by HIV. In 2014:
The burden of HIV and AIDS is not evenly distributed geographically. The population rates (per 100,000 people) of persons diagnosed with HIV infection in 2014 were highest in the South (18.5), followed by the Northeast (14.2), the West (11.2), and the Midwest (8.2).5 The South generally is behind other regions in some key HIV prevention and care indicators.
Living With HIV
At the end of 2012, the most recent year for which such data are available, an estimated 1,218,400 adults and adolescents were living with HIV.
AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths
In 2014, an estimated 20,896 people were diagnosed with AIDS. Since the epidemic began in the early 1980s, an estimated 1,210,835 people have been diagnosed with AIDS.
In 2013, there were an estimated 12,963 deaths (due to any cause) of people with diagnosed HIV infection ever classified as AIDS, and 6,955 deaths were attributed directly to HIV.
BibliographyCDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2014. HIV Surveillance Report, 2015;26.
CDC. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data -- United States and 6 dependent areas -- 2013. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2015;20(2).
CDC. State HIV prevention progress report, 2010-2013. December 2015.
CDC. Detailed tables for the National Vital Statistics Report Deaths: Final Data for 2013. Accessed January 27, 2016.
CDC. Trends in U.S. HIV diagnoses, 2005-2014 [fact sheet]. February 2016.
This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.
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