December 11, 2012
A 2010 study of 181 ZIP codes in New York City examined the rates of HIV/AIDS, chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and hepatitis B, which are sexually transmitted, and two infections -- hepatitis C and TB -- that are not sexually transmitted. The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene reported that concurrent infections of STDs, hepatitis C, and TB plague many areas of the city.
ZIP codes in the Bronx comprised 68 percent of the areas with the highest concentration of multiple STDs. Results of the study placed ZIP code 10474 -- Hunts Point, in the Bronx -- in the top 20 percent for hepatitis C, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HIV/AIDS infections. The Tremont section of the Bronx, ZIP code 10475, was in the top 20 percent for all seven diseases. Almost half of the residents in Tremont are below the federal poverty line. Nineteen other ZIP codes in the South Bronx, North Manhattan, and north-central Brooklyn had high rates of poverty and ranked in the top 20 percent for HIV/AIDS, chlamydia, and gonorrhea.
Thirteen Manhattan ZIP codes reported HIV/AIDS rates in the top 20 percent: Chelsea-Hell's Kitchen, Central Harlem-Morningside Heights, East Harlem, Washington Heights-Inwood, and Greenwich Village-SoHo. The top 20 percent rates of HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C occurred in 23 ZIP codes in South Bronx, north central Brooklyn, northern Manhattan, Chelsea-Hell's Kitchen, and the Rockaways in Queens.
The areas of New York City that were hit hardest by hepatitis B and TB were characterized by large foreign-born populations. These include Flushing Clearview, West Queens, Bayside-Little Neck, Ridgewood-Forest Hills, Sunset Park, Bensonhurst-Bay Ridge, and Borough Park in Brooklyn.
Staten Island was the only area of New York City with no ZIP codes in the top 20 percent for concurrent infection with STDs.