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International News

Couples HIV Testing and Counselling Prompts Rapid Switch to Consistent Condom Use in South African Study

December 7, 2012

Researchers report that HIV testing and counseling of couples resulted in consistent condom use among sero-discordant couples in stable relationships in South Africa. The study determined whether HIV testing and counseling (HTC)¬ówith ongoing counseling and condom distribution¬óresulted in reduced unprotected sex in HIV-discordant couples who are in stable relationships.

Participants were part of the Partners in Prevention HSV/HIV transmission study to assess acyclovir as a secondary prophylaxis in HIV/HSV-2 co-infected persons to prevent transmission to their uninfected partner. The 508 HIV-infected participants self-reported behavioral data. They were from three South African sites: Gugulethu, Orange Farm, and Soweto. Most of the couples were in long-term relationships with low levels of intimate partner violence. The HIV-positive participants were predominantly female (77 percent), with a mean age of 33 years.

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